Serum vaspin concentrations are closely related to insulin resistance, and rs77060950 at SERPINA12 genetically defines distinct group with higher serum levels in Japanese population

Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Wada, Kazuyuki Hida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Kazutoshi Murakami, Motoko Kanzaki, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Izumi Iseda, Yuichi Matsushita, Nobuyuki Miyatake, John F. McDonald, Kikuko Hotta, Hirofumi Makino

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43 Citations (Scopus)


Context: Vaspin is an adipokine with insulin-sensitizing effects identified from visceral adipose tissues of genetically obese rats. Objective: We investigated genetic and nongenetic factors that define serum concentrations of vaspin. Design, Setting and Participants: Vaspin levels were measured with RIA in Japanese subjects with normal fasting plasma glucose (NFG; n = 259) and type 2 diabetes patients (T2D; n = 275). Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) at SERPINA12 (vaspin) gene locus were discovered, and five SNP were genotyped in the subjects with varied body mass index (n = 1138). Results:Thelevel ofserumvaspin in93%of the sampleswasfoundto varyfrom0.2 to nearly 2 ng/ml in NFG subjects (n = 259) and from 0.2 to nearly 3 ng/ml in T2D patients (n = 275) (VaspinLow group), whereas a significant subpopulation (7%) in both groups displayed much higher levels of 10-40 ng/ml (VaspinHigh group). In the VaspinLow group, serum vaspin levels in T2D were significantly higher than healthy subjects (0.99 ± 0.04 vs. 0.86 ± 0.02 ng/ml; P <0.01). Both in T2D and genotyped Japanese population, serum vaspin levels closely correlated with homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance rather than anthropometric parameters. By genotyping, rs77060950 tightly linked to serum vaspin levels, i.e. CC (0.6 ± 0.4 ng/ml), CA (18.4 ± 9.6 ng/ml), and AA (30.5 ± 5.1 ng/ml) (P-16). Putative GATA-2 and GATA-3 binding consensus site was found at rs77060950. Conclusions: Serum vaspin levels were related to insulin resistance, and higher levels of serum vaspin in 7% of the Japanese population are closely linked to minor allele sequence (A) of rs77060950.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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