Objectives: Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) has been shown to have an effect on insulin resistance, lipid metabolism, and atherosclerosis in animals. We therefore investigated the association between the serum A-FABP level and coronary atherosclerosis. Methods: One hundred twenty-five consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) were enrolled after coronary angiography. Plaque volume in non-culprit coronary arteries was determined using intravascular ultrasound and expressed as percent plaque volume (%PV). Voluntary blood donors (n=120), matched for age and gender, served as controls. Serum levels of A-FABP, adiponectin, and inflammatory markers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: The serum A-FABP level in CAD patients was significantly higher than in control subjects (median [25th-75th percentiles], 27.2 [20.5-37.1]. ng/mL vs. 18.9 [14.6-24.5]. ng/mL) (p<0.01). Serum A-FABP showed 0.74 of the area under the curve in the receiver operating characteristic curve for the detection of CAD, with 76% specificity and 65% sensitivity with a cut-off value of 20.1. ng/mL. Further, in CAD patients, serum A-FABP had a significant correlation with %PV in all subjects (r=0.33, p<0.01). Serum A-FABP was positively correlated with the body mass index, serum interleukin-6 and high-sensitive CRP, and negatively correlated with HDL-cholesterol and serum adiponectin in CAD patients. Stepwise regression analysis revealed that serum A-FABP was independently associated with %PV. Conclusion: Increased serum A-FABP was significantly associated with a greater coronary plaque burden. Our findings revealed that the measurement of serum A-FABP could be utilized for the evaluation of the extent of coronary atherosclerosis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2010|
- Coronary artery disease
- Fatty acid-binding protein
- Intravascular ultrasound
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine