Serodiagnosis and bacterial genome of helicobacter pylori infection

Aina Ichihara, Hinako Ojima, Kazuyoshi Gotoh, Osamu Matsushita, Susumu Take, Hiroyuki Okada, Akari Watanabe, Kenji Yokota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The infection caused by Helicobacter pylori is associated with several diseases, including gastric cancer. Several methods for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection exist, including endoscopy, the urea breath test, and the fecal antigen test, which is the serum antibody titer test that is often used since it is a simple and highly sensitive test. In this context, this study aims to find the association between different antibody reactivities and the organization of bacterial genomes. Next-generation sequences were performed to determine the genome sequences of four strains of antigens with different reactivity. The search was performed on the common genes, with the homology analysis conducted using a genome ring and dot plot analysis. The two antigens of the highly reactive strains showed a high gene homology, and Western blots for CagA and VacA also showed high expression levels of proteins. In the poorly responsive antigen strains, it was found that the inversion occurred around the vacA gene in the genome. The structure of bacterial genomes might contribute to the poor reactivity exhibited by the antibodies of patients. In the future, an accurate serodiagnosis could be performed by using a strain with few gene mutations of the antigen used for the antibody titer test of H. pylori.

Original languageEnglish
Article number467
JournalToxins
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Antibody
  • CagA
  • Genome
  • VacA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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