Pharmacokinetic analyses of three kinds of benzodiazepinesmidazolam (MDZ), triazolam (TRZ) and alprezolam (APZ)were performed in rats with cannulated portal and jugular veins. Each drug was administered to the double-cannulated rats, and pharmacokinetic data for the parent drugs and their 1′- and 4-hydroxylated metabolites were compared with those obtained in non-cannulated mice. In bioavailability, the drugs ranked APZ >> TRZ MDZ in rats, and APZ > TRZ >> MDZ in mice, with the values for MDZ remarkably different between rats and mice (19% in rats versus 2.3% in mice). In contrast, hepatic availability (Fh) was similar (APZ > TRZ > MDZ) in both species. Highly significant relationships were found between the ratio of the area under the plasma concentrationtime curve (AUC) for the parent drugs in portal blood (AUCpor) to that in systemic blood (AUCsys) and Fh in rats and mice. The double-cannulated rat is useful for estimating the hepatic availability of drug candidates by determining the AUC values for the parent drugs in portal and systemic blood samples.
- Portal and systemic blood
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis