Semi-quantitative arthroscopic scoring system is related to clinical outcomes in patients after medial meniscus posterior root repair

Ximing Zhang, Takayuki Furumatsu, Yuki Okazaki, Takaaki Hiranaka, Keisuke Kintaka, Haowei Xue, Shinichi Miyazawa, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Different methods are available to assess the healing status of repaired root for medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRT) using second-look arthroscopy. However, few studies are comparing them or validating their usefulness. Therefore, it was hypothesized that the semi-quantitative arthroscopic score might correlate more with 1-year clinical outcomes in patients with MMPRT than the qualitative evaluation. Methods: Data of 61 patients who underwent MMPRT pullout repair and second-look arthroscopy were retrospectively evaluated. The semi-quantitative arthroscopic scoring system was divided into three evaluation criteria: scores from 0 to 10 points include the width of the bridging tissue, stability of the repaired root, and synovial coverage. The qualitative evaluation was classified into 4 status; complete healing, lax healing, scar tissue healing, and failed healing according to the stability and mobility of the repaired root. Multivariate linear regression analyses were used to identify predictors of 1-year postoperative clinical outcomes, including Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome, Lysholm, or International Knee Documentation Committee scores. Spearman's correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between second-look arthroscopic score/qualitative evaluation and 1-year postoperative clinical outcomes. In addition, the optimal cutoff point of semi-quantitative arthroscopic score was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The Mann–Whitney U test was used to compare clinical outcomes between patients with semi-quantitative arthroscopic scores ≥8 and scores <8. Results: All clinical scores significantly improved at 1 year postoperatively. A good correlation was observed between the semi-quantitative score and clinical scores, but none between qualitative evaluation and clinical scores. The optimal cutoff point of semi-quantitative second-look arthroscopic score was 8 points. Significantly, better clinical outcomes were observed in patients with semi-quantitative scores ≥8 points. Conclusions: All 1-year postoperative clinical scores were significantly improved. The semi-quantitative arthroscopic scores correlate more with 1-year clinical outcomes in patients with MMPRT than the qualitative evaluation. Level of evidence: IV case series study.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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