Self-efficacy and progression of periodontal disease

A prospective cohort study

Shinsuke Mizutani, Daisuke Ekuni, Takaaki Tomofuji, Koichiro Irie, Tetsuji Azuma, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Manabu Morita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim The purpose of this longitudinal study was to investigate whether self-efficacy scale for self-care (SESS) was related to changes in oral health behaviours and progression of periodontal disease in Japanese university students. Material and Methods Students (n = 533) who were interested in receiving oral health examinations before entering the university and before graduation were included in the analysis. Self-efficacy was assessed using SESS, which uses three subscales: self-efficacy for brushing of the teeth (SE-BR), for dentist consultations (SE-DC) and for dietary habits. The informations about oral health behaviours were also collected. For all participants, oral hygiene instructions was performed at baseline. After 3 years, the oral health behaviours and the periodontal condition were re-assessed. Results The progression of periodontal disease was related to low baseline SE-BR. Logistic regression analysis showed that progression of periodontal disease risk during a 3-year period was associated with low baseline SE-BR (OR: 1.516; 95% CI: 1.010-2.275; p <0.05). The increase in the score of SE-DC was related to the increase in regular dental checkups (p <0.05). Conclusion Low SESS was associated with progression of periodontal disease and improvement of oral health behaviours in university students who received oral hygiene instructions at baseline.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1083-1089
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume42
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015

Fingerprint

Oral Health
Periodontal Diseases
Self Efficacy
Health Behavior
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies
Self Care
Oral Hygiene
Students
Dentists
Tooth
Referral and Consultation
Oral Diagnosis
Feeding Behavior
Longitudinal Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • behaviour
  • cohort studies
  • periodontal disease
  • self-efficacy
  • university students
  • young adult

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Self-efficacy and progression of periodontal disease : A prospective cohort study. / Mizutani, Shinsuke; Ekuni, Daisuke; Tomofuji, Takaaki; Irie, Koichiro; Azuma, Tetsuji; Iwasaki, Yoshiaki; Morita, Manabu.

In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Vol. 42, No. 12, 01.12.2015, p. 1083-1089.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mizutani, Shinsuke ; Ekuni, Daisuke ; Tomofuji, Takaaki ; Irie, Koichiro ; Azuma, Tetsuji ; Iwasaki, Yoshiaki ; Morita, Manabu. / Self-efficacy and progression of periodontal disease : A prospective cohort study. In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 2015 ; Vol. 42, No. 12. pp. 1083-1089.
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