Chiral β-dialkylamino alcohols promote enantioselective alkylation of aldehydes by dialkylzincs, where a tricoordinate alkylzinc aminoalkoxide in equilibrium with its dimer acts as a true catalyst. The presence of other aminoalkoxides causes nonlinear effects on the rate and stereoselectivity of the enantioselective catalysis. This is a general phenomenon where the extent of the departure from the linearity is highly affected by the nature of the amino alcohols. Systematic investigation using (2S)-3-exo-(dimethylamino)isobomeol and its stereoisomers as well as achiral 2-(dimethylamino)-1,1-dimethylethanol has revealed that the self and nonself recognition of the asymmetric catalysts are the major source of this unusual phenomena. The relative significance of these recognitions affects the overall profile of asymmetric catalysis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry