Selective sensitization to tumor necrosis factor-α-induced apoptosis by blockade of NF-κB in primary glomerular mesangial cells

Hitoshi Sugiyama, John S. Savill, Masanori Kitamura, Lei Zhao, Eleni Stylianou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent data have implicated nuclear factor κB (NFκB) in the prevention of apoptosis in transformed cell lines exposed to tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). However, it is obscure whether NF-κB plays an anti-apoptotic role in nontransformed cells, and it is not clear whether NF-κB inhibits apoptosis triggered by other mediators. We investigated the effect of specific inhibition of NF-κB on cytokine-induced apoptosis of glomerular mesangial cells, which is important in determining the outcome of glomerulonephritis. Cultured rat mesangial cells were stably transfected with the dominant negative mutant inhibitor of NF-κB (IκBαM). IκBαM was resistant to stimulus-dependent degradation and suppressed NF-κB activation induced by TNF-α (10 ng/ml) or IL-1β (10 ng/ml). IκBαM significantly sensitized mesangial cells to TNF-α-induced apoptosis in a dose- and time- dependent manner but had no significant effects on the level of apoptosis in the presence of proinflammatory or apoptosis-inducing stimuli including Fas ligand, IL-1α, IL-1β, hydrogen peroxide, lipopolysaccharide, cycloheximide, or serum deprivation. Moreover, IκBαM-mediated sensitization to TNF-α overcame the protective effect of mesangial cell survival factors present in serum, which usually inhibit killing of mesangial cells by the proapoptotic stimuli used. These data show that inhibition of NF-κB selectively sensitizes primary adult glomerular mesangial cells to TNF-induced apoptosis but not to other mediators of cell death including the Fas ligand.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19532-19537
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 9 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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