Cytochrome P450 enzymes belonging to the CYP2D subfamily have been shown to be one of determinants of the polymorphic drug oxidations in the human and the rat. Debrisoquine 4-hydroxylation is a typical reaction catalyzed by these enzymes. However, various strains of mice were observed to have much lower debrisoquine 4-hydroxylase activity than Wistar rats, whereas other monooxygenase activities in mice toward bunitrolol, propranolol, imipramine and amitriptyline, which are mediated by the CYP2D enzymes in the rat, were comparable to those of the rats. Immunoblot analysis of mouse liver microsomes with an antibody raised against a rat CYP2D enzyme indicated that the mouse liver contained a P450 enzyme(s) immunochemically related to the rat CYP2D enzyme. The antibody inhibited propranolol ring-hydroxylase and imipramine 2-hydroxylase activities, as well as testosterone 16α-hydroxylase activity, a typical reaction of mouse CYP2D9, but not debrisoquine 4- hydroxylase activity in mouse liver microsomes. We partially purified a P450 enzyme (designated P450 ML2d) from livers of male ddY mice by monitoring the cross-reactivity with the antibody. The partially purified enzyme was indicated to belong to the CYP2D subfamily from its N-terminal amino acid sequence, but the homology of the sequence to other CYP2D enzymes of the mouse (CYP2D9-11) was 62%, suggesting that P450 ML2d is a novel. P450 enzyme. P450 ML2d had the oxidation activities for the rat CYP2D-substrates, such as propranolol 4-hydroxylation and imipramine 2-hydroxylation, in higher rates than those of the microsomes, but did not exhibit debrisoquine 4-hydroxylase activity. Our result is the first finding that a mouse CYP2D enzyme also metabolizes substrates for the rat CYP2D enzyme, in addition to steroids, but the enzyme had a limited specificity for the substrates of the CYP2D enzymes of the rat and the human.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine