Seed size and chloroplast DNA of modern and ancient seeds explain the establishment of Japanese cultivated melon (Cucumis melo L.) by introduction and selection

Katsunori Tanaka, Chris J. Stevens, Shiho Iwasaki, Yukari Akashi, Etsuyo Yamamoto, Tran Phuong Dung, Hidetaka Nishida, Dorian Q. Fuller, Kenji Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Melon is a fruit/vegetable that has been grown in Japan for at least 2000 years. To obtain a better understanding of melon crop evolution in this island country, we measured the seed size and determined the cytoplasmic genotype of 135 modern melon accessions and 12 populations of ancient melon seed remains from archaeological sites for a 2000-year period in Japan. Based on differences in seed length, populations of melon seed remains at the Shikata site (Okayama Prefecture, Japan) consisted of seed types corresponding to those of modern East and South Asian melon. Although several types of melon seeds were found in and around the Shikata site, only Agrestis-type seeds,

Original languageEnglish
JournalGenetic Resources and Crop Evolution
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Sep 14 2015

Fingerprint

Cucumis melo
Chloroplast DNA
Cucurbitaceae
seed size
melons
chloroplast DNA
chloroplast
Seeds
seed
DNA
seeds
Japan
Agrostis
vegetable
Islands
Vegetables
genotype
Population
fruit
Fruit

Keywords

  • Ancient DNA
  • Archaeobotany
  • Archaeology
  • Breeding
  • Cucumis melo
  • Kofun
  • Yayoi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

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title = "Seed size and chloroplast DNA of modern and ancient seeds explain the establishment of Japanese cultivated melon (Cucumis melo L.) by introduction and selection",
abstract = "Melon is a fruit/vegetable that has been grown in Japan for at least 2000 years. To obtain a better understanding of melon crop evolution in this island country, we measured the seed size and determined the cytoplasmic genotype of 135 modern melon accessions and 12 populations of ancient melon seed remains from archaeological sites for a 2000-year period in Japan. Based on differences in seed length, populations of melon seed remains at the Shikata site (Okayama Prefecture, Japan) consisted of seed types corresponding to those of modern East and South Asian melon. Although several types of melon seeds were found in and around the Shikata site, only Agrestis-type seeds,",
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AU - Tanaka, Katsunori

AU - Stevens, Chris J.

AU - Iwasaki, Shiho

AU - Akashi, Yukari

AU - Yamamoto, Etsuyo

AU - Dung, Tran Phuong

AU - Nishida, Hidetaka

AU - Fuller, Dorian Q.

AU - Kato, Kenji

PY - 2015/9/14

Y1 - 2015/9/14

N2 - Melon is a fruit/vegetable that has been grown in Japan for at least 2000 years. To obtain a better understanding of melon crop evolution in this island country, we measured the seed size and determined the cytoplasmic genotype of 135 modern melon accessions and 12 populations of ancient melon seed remains from archaeological sites for a 2000-year period in Japan. Based on differences in seed length, populations of melon seed remains at the Shikata site (Okayama Prefecture, Japan) consisted of seed types corresponding to those of modern East and South Asian melon. Although several types of melon seeds were found in and around the Shikata site, only Agrestis-type seeds,

AB - Melon is a fruit/vegetable that has been grown in Japan for at least 2000 years. To obtain a better understanding of melon crop evolution in this island country, we measured the seed size and determined the cytoplasmic genotype of 135 modern melon accessions and 12 populations of ancient melon seed remains from archaeological sites for a 2000-year period in Japan. Based on differences in seed length, populations of melon seed remains at the Shikata site (Okayama Prefecture, Japan) consisted of seed types corresponding to those of modern East and South Asian melon. Although several types of melon seeds were found in and around the Shikata site, only Agrestis-type seeds,

KW - Ancient DNA

KW - Archaeobotany

KW - Archaeology

KW - Breeding

KW - Cucumis melo

KW - Kofun

KW - Yayoi

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