Secretion of hemolysin of Aeromonas sobria as protoxin and contribution of the propeptide region removed from the protoxin to the proteolytic stability of the toxin

Tomohiko Nomura, Yoshio Fujii, Keinosuke Okamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The sequence at the amino terminus region of the hemolysin of Aeromonas sobria is homologous with that of aerolysin of A. hydrophila. However, there is no homology between the two toxins in the sequence at the carboxy terminal region. It has been shown that aerolysin is secreted into culture supernatant as a protoxin. This proaerolysin is activated by the proteolytic removal of a carboxy terminal peptide. However, the role of the carboxy terminal region, which is removed in the activation process, has not been elucidated. In this study, we showed that hemolysin is also secreted as a protoxin into culture supernatant and that prohemolysin is cleaved by the protease of A. sobria between Ser-446 and Ala-447, resulting in the removal of a 42 amino acid peptide. The removal of the peptide converts the prohemolysin into active hemolysin. Subsequently, we mutated the hemolysin gene to delete the last several amino acid residues and expressed the genes in Escherichia coli, in order to examine the role of the carboxy terminal region of prohemolysin. The amounts of these mutant hemolysins accumulated in the periplasmic space of E. coli were very low compared with that of the wild-type. This observation indicated that the carboxy terminal region of prohemolysin contributes to the proteolytic stability of the toxin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-38
Number of pages10
JournalMicrobiology and Immunology
Volume43
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Aeromonas
Hemolysin Proteins
Peptides
Escherichia coli
Amino Acids
Periplasm
Genes
Peptide Hydrolases

Keywords

  • Aeromonas sobria
  • Hemolysin
  • Protoxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology

Cite this

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abstract = "The sequence at the amino terminus region of the hemolysin of Aeromonas sobria is homologous with that of aerolysin of A. hydrophila. However, there is no homology between the two toxins in the sequence at the carboxy terminal region. It has been shown that aerolysin is secreted into culture supernatant as a protoxin. This proaerolysin is activated by the proteolytic removal of a carboxy terminal peptide. However, the role of the carboxy terminal region, which is removed in the activation process, has not been elucidated. In this study, we showed that hemolysin is also secreted as a protoxin into culture supernatant and that prohemolysin is cleaved by the protease of A. sobria between Ser-446 and Ala-447, resulting in the removal of a 42 amino acid peptide. The removal of the peptide converts the prohemolysin into active hemolysin. Subsequently, we mutated the hemolysin gene to delete the last several amino acid residues and expressed the genes in Escherichia coli, in order to examine the role of the carboxy terminal region of prohemolysin. The amounts of these mutant hemolysins accumulated in the periplasmic space of E. coli were very low compared with that of the wild-type. This observation indicated that the carboxy terminal region of prohemolysin contributes to the proteolytic stability of the toxin.",
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AU - Fujii, Yoshio

AU - Okamoto, Keinosuke

PY - 1999

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N2 - The sequence at the amino terminus region of the hemolysin of Aeromonas sobria is homologous with that of aerolysin of A. hydrophila. However, there is no homology between the two toxins in the sequence at the carboxy terminal region. It has been shown that aerolysin is secreted into culture supernatant as a protoxin. This proaerolysin is activated by the proteolytic removal of a carboxy terminal peptide. However, the role of the carboxy terminal region, which is removed in the activation process, has not been elucidated. In this study, we showed that hemolysin is also secreted as a protoxin into culture supernatant and that prohemolysin is cleaved by the protease of A. sobria between Ser-446 and Ala-447, resulting in the removal of a 42 amino acid peptide. The removal of the peptide converts the prohemolysin into active hemolysin. Subsequently, we mutated the hemolysin gene to delete the last several amino acid residues and expressed the genes in Escherichia coli, in order to examine the role of the carboxy terminal region of prohemolysin. The amounts of these mutant hemolysins accumulated in the periplasmic space of E. coli were very low compared with that of the wild-type. This observation indicated that the carboxy terminal region of prohemolysin contributes to the proteolytic stability of the toxin.

AB - The sequence at the amino terminus region of the hemolysin of Aeromonas sobria is homologous with that of aerolysin of A. hydrophila. However, there is no homology between the two toxins in the sequence at the carboxy terminal region. It has been shown that aerolysin is secreted into culture supernatant as a protoxin. This proaerolysin is activated by the proteolytic removal of a carboxy terminal peptide. However, the role of the carboxy terminal region, which is removed in the activation process, has not been elucidated. In this study, we showed that hemolysin is also secreted as a protoxin into culture supernatant and that prohemolysin is cleaved by the protease of A. sobria between Ser-446 and Ala-447, resulting in the removal of a 42 amino acid peptide. The removal of the peptide converts the prohemolysin into active hemolysin. Subsequently, we mutated the hemolysin gene to delete the last several amino acid residues and expressed the genes in Escherichia coli, in order to examine the role of the carboxy terminal region of prohemolysin. The amounts of these mutant hemolysins accumulated in the periplasmic space of E. coli were very low compared with that of the wild-type. This observation indicated that the carboxy terminal region of prohemolysin contributes to the proteolytic stability of the toxin.

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