Secondary nucleation of Aβ fibrils on liposome membrane

Toshinori Shimanouchi, Nachi Kitaura, Ryo Onishi, Hiroshi Umakoshi, Ryoichi Kuboi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The amyloid fibrils of amyloid β protein (Aβ) from Alzheimer's disease are likely to show the cytotoxicity, depending on their morphology. The relationship between the nucleation kinetics of the Aβ fibrils and their morphology has been investigated. From the perspective of a crystallization technique assuming primary/secondary nucleation steps and an elongation step, the secondary nucleation rate B [# m -3 s -1], was experimentally and coarsely determined by using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy combined with thioflavin T. In an aqueous solution, linear and rigid fibrils were formed with a relatively smaller B value ((2.83 ± 0.55) × 10 5 # m -3 s -1), whereas spherulitic amyloid assemblies were formed in the presence of negatively charged liposome including oxidized lipids, with a larger B value ((7.65 ± 0.47) × 10 5 # m -3 s -1). Those findings should lead to a better understanding of the mechanism for the formation of fibrils and senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3625-3632
Number of pages8
JournalAIChE Journal
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Biocrystallization
  • Crystal morphology
  • Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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