Second nationwide surveillance of bacterial pathogens in patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis conducted by Japanese Surveillance Committee from 2015 to 2016: antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus saprophyticus

Hiroshi Hayami, Satoshi Takahashi, Kiyohito Ishikawa, Mitsuru Yasuda, Shingo Yamamoto, Koichiro Wada, Kanao Kobayashi, Ryoichi Hamasuna, Shinichi Minamitani, Tetsuya Matsumoto, Hiroshi Kiyota, Kazuhiro Tateda, Junko Sato, Hideaki Hanaki, Naoya Masumori, Hiroyuki Nishiyama, Jun Miyazaki, Kiyohide Fujimoto, Kazushi Tanaka, Shinya UeharaAkio Matsubara, Kenji Ito, Kenji Hayashi, Yuichiro Kurimura, Shin Ito, Toshimi Takeuchi, Harunori Narita, Masanobu Izumitani, Hirofumi Nishimura, Motoshi Kawahara, Makoto Hara, Takahide Hosobe, Kenji Takashima, Hirofumi Chokyu, Masaru Matsumura, Hideari Ihara, Satoshi Uno, Koichi Monden, Toru Sumii, Shuichi Kawai, Satoru Kariya, Takashi Sato, Masaru Yoshioka, Hitoshi Kadena, Shinji Matsushita, Shohei Nishi, Yukinari Hosokawa, Takeshi Shirane, Mutsumasa Yoh, Syuji Watanabe, Shinichi Makinose, Tetsuji Uemura, Hirokazu Goto

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Abstract

The Japanese Surveillance Committee conducted a second nationwide surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of uropathogens responsible for acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) in premenopausal patients aged 16–40 years old at 31 hospitals throughout Japan from March 2015 to February 2016. In this study, the susceptibility of causative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus saprophyticus) for various antimicrobial agents was investigated by isolation and culturing of organisms obtained from urine samples. In total, 324 strains were isolated from 361 patients, including E. coli (n = 220, 67.9%), S. saprophyticus (n = 36, 11.1%), and K. pneumoniae (n = 7, 2.2%). The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 20 antibacterial agents for these strains were determined according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) manual. At least 93% of the E. coli isolates showed susceptibility to fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins, whereas 100% of the S. saprophyticus isolates showed susceptibility to fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides. The proportions of fluoroquinolone-resistant and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli strains were 6.4% (13/220) and 4.1% (9/220), respectively. The antimicrobial susceptibility of K. pneumoniae was retained during the surveillance period, while no multidrug-resistant strains were identified. In summary, antimicrobial susceptibility results of our second nationwide surveillance did not differ significantly from those of the first surveillance. Especially the numbers of fluoroquinolone-resistant and ESBL-producing E. coli strains were not increased in premenopausal patients with AUC in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-422
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Infection and Chemotherapy
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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Keywords

  • Acute uncomplicated cystitis
  • Resistance
  • Surveillance
  • Susceptibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Hayami, H., Takahashi, S., Ishikawa, K., Yasuda, M., Yamamoto, S., Wada, K., Kobayashi, K., Hamasuna, R., Minamitani, S., Matsumoto, T., Kiyota, H., Tateda, K., Sato, J., Hanaki, H., Masumori, N., Nishiyama, H., Miyazaki, J., Fujimoto, K., Tanaka, K., ... Goto, H. (2019). Second nationwide surveillance of bacterial pathogens in patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis conducted by Japanese Surveillance Committee from 2015 to 2016: antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus saprophyticus. Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy, 25(6), 413-422. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2019.02.021