Search for supernova neutrino bursts at super-kamiokande

M. Ikeda, A. Takeda, Y. Fukuda, M. R. Vagins, K. Abe, T. Iida, K. Ishihara, J. Kameda, Y. Koshio, A. Minamino, C. Mitsuda, M. Miura, S. Moriyama, M. Nakahata, Y. Obayashi, H. Ogawa, H. Sekiya, M. Shiozawa, Y. Suzuki, Y. TakeuchiK. Ueshima, H. Watanabe, S. Yamada, I. Higuchi, C. Ishihara, M. Ishitsuka, T. Kajita, K. Kaneyuki, G. Mitsuka, S. Nakayama, H. Nishino, K. Okumura, C. Saji, Y. Takenaga, S. Clark, S. Desai, F. Dufour, E. Kearns, S. Likhoded, M. Litos, J. L. Raaf, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, W. Wang, M. Goldhaber, D. Casper, J. P. Cravens, J. Dunmore, W. R. Kropp, D. W. Liu, S. Mine, C. Regis, M. B. Smy, H. W. Sobel, K. S. Ganezer, J. Hill, W. E. Keig, J. S. Jang, J. Y. Kim, I. T. Lim, K. Scholberg, N. Tanimoto, C. W. Walter, R. Wendell, R. W. Ellsworth, S. Tasaka, G. Guillian, J. G. Learned, S. Matsuno, M. D. Messier, Y. Hayato, A. K. Ichikawa, T. Ishida, T. Ishii, T. Iwashita, T. Kobayashi, T. Nakadaira, K. Nakamura, K. Nitta, Y. Oyama, Y. Totsuka, A. T. Suzuki, M. Hasegawa, K. Hiraide, H. Maesaka, T. Nakaya, K. Nishikawa, T. Sasaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Yokoyama, T. J. Haines, S. Dazeley, S. Hatakeyama, R. Svoboda, G. W. Sullivan, D. Turcan, A. Habig, T. Sato, Y. Itow, T. Koike, T. Tanaka, C. K. Jung, T. Kato, K. Kobayashi, M. Malek, C. Mcgrew, A. Sarrat, R. Terri, C. Yanagisawa, N. Tamura, Y. Idehara, M. Sakuda, M. Sugihara, Y. Kuno, M. Yoshida, S. B. Kim, B. S. Yang, J. Yoo, T. Ishizuka, H. Okazawa, Y. Choi, H. K. Seo, Y. Gando, T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, Y. Furuse, H. Ishii, K. Nishijima, H. Ishino, Y. Watanabe, M. Koshiba, S. Chen, Z. Deng, Y. Liu, D. Kielczewska, J. Zalipska, H. Berns, R. Gran, K. K. Shiraishi, A. Stachyra, E. Thrane, K. Washburn, R. J. Wilkes

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95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the results of a search for neutrino bursts from supernova explosions using the Super-Kamiokande detector. Super-Kamiokande is sensitive to core-collapse supernova explosions via observation of their neutrino emissions. The expected number of events comprising such a burst is ∼104, and the average energy of the neutrinos is in the range of a few tens of MeV for a core-collapse supernova explosion at a typical distance in our galaxy (10 kpc); this strong signal means that the detection efficiency anywhere within our galaxy and well past the Magellanic Clouds should be 100%. We examined a data set taken from 1996 May to 2001 July, and from 2002 December to 2005 October, corresponding to 2589.2 live days. However, there is no evidence of such a supernova explosion during the data-taking period. The 90% CL. upper limit on the rate of core-collapse supernova explosions out to distances of 100 kpc is found to be 0.32 SN yr-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-524
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume669
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2007

Keywords

  • Galaxies: individual (Milky Way, LMC, SMC)
  • Neutrinos
  • Supernovae: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Ikeda, M., Takeda, A., Fukuda, Y., Vagins, M. R., Abe, K., Iida, T., Ishihara, K., Kameda, J., Koshio, Y., Minamino, A., Mitsuda, C., Miura, M., Moriyama, S., Nakahata, M., Obayashi, Y., Ogawa, H., Sekiya, H., Shiozawa, M., Suzuki, Y., ... Wilkes, R. J. (2007). Search for supernova neutrino bursts at super-kamiokande. Astrophysical Journal, 669(1), 519-524. https://doi.org/10.1086/521547