Search for neutrinos in coincidence with gravitational wave events from the LIGO–Virgo O3a observing run with the Super-Kamiokande detector

THE SUPER-KAMIOKANDE COLLABORATION

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Super-Kamiokande detector can be used to search for neutrinos in time coincidence with gravitational waves detected by the LIGO–Virgo Collaboration (LVC). Both low-energy (7–100 MeV) and high-energy (0.1–105 GeV) samples were analyzed in order to cover a very wide neutrino spectrum. Follow-ups of 36 (out of 39) gravitational waves reported in the GWTC-2 catalog were examined; no significant excess above the background was observed, with 10 (24) observed neutrinos compared with 4.8 (25.0) expected events in the high-energy (low-energy) samples. A statistical approach was used to compute the significance of potential coincidences. For each observation, p-values were estimated using neutrino direction and LVC sky map; the most significant event (GW190602_175927) is associated with a post-trial p-value of 7.8% (1.4σ). Additionally, flux limits were computed independently for each sample and by combining the samples. The energy emitted as neutrinos by the identified gravitational wave sources was constrained, both for given flavors and for all flavors assuming equipartition between the different flavors, independently for each trigger and by combining sources of the same nature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number78
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume918
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 10 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Search for neutrinos in coincidence with gravitational wave events from the LIGO–Virgo O3a observing run with the Super-Kamiokande detector'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this