Search for coherent charged pion production in neutrino-carbon interactions

M. Hasegawa, E. Aliu, S. Andringa, S. Aoki, J. Argyriades, K. Asakura, R. Ashie, H. Berns, H. Bhang, A. Blondel, S. Borghi, J. Bouchez, J. Burguet-Castell, D. Casper, C. Cavata, A. Cervera, S. M. Chen, K. O. Cho, J. H. Choi, U. DoreX. Espinal, M. Fechner, E. Fernandez, Y. Fukuda, J. Gomez-Cadenas, R. Gran, T. Hara, T. Hasegawa, K. Hayashi, Y. Hayato, R. L. Helmer, J. Hill, K. Hiraide, J. Hosaka, A. K. Ichikawa, M. Iinuma, A. Ikeda, T. Inagaki, T. Ishida, K. Ishihara, T. Ishii, M. Ishitsuka, Y. Itow, T. Iwashita, H. I. Jang, E. J. Jeon, I. S. Jeong, K. K. Joo, G. Jover, C. K. Jung, T. Kajita, J. Kameda, K. Kaneyuki, I. Kato, E. Kearns, D. Kerr, C. O. Kim, M. Khabibullin, A. Khotjantsev, D. Kielczewska, J. Y. Kim, S. B. Kim, P. Kitching, K. Kobayashi, T. Kobayashi, A. Konaka, Yusuke Koshio, W. Kropp, J. Kubota, Y. Kudenko, Y. Kuno, T. Kutter, J. Learned, S. Likhoded, I. T. Lim, P. F. Loverre, L. Ludovici, H. Maesaka, J. Mallet, C. Mariani, T. Maruyama, S. Matsuno, V. Matveev, C. Mauger, K. McConnel, C. McGrew, S. Mikheyev, A. Minamino, S. Mine, O. Mineev, C. Mitsuda, M. Miura, Y. Moriguchi, T. Morita, S. Moriyama, T. Nakadaira, M. Nakahata, K. Nakamura, I. Nakano, T. Nakaya, S. Nakayama, T. Namba, R. Nambu, S. Nawang, K. Nishikawa, K. Nitta, F. Nova, P. Novella, Y. Obayashi, A. Okada, K. Okumura, S. M. Oser, Y. Oyama, M. Y. Pac, F. Pierre, A. Rodriguez, C. Saji, Makoto Sakuda, F. Sanchez, A. Sarrat, T. Sasaki, H. Sato, K. Scholberg, R. Schroeter, M. Sekiguchi, E. Sharkey, M. Shiozawa, K. Shiraishi, G. Sitjes, M. Smy, H. Sobel, J. Stone, L. Sulak, A. Suzuki, Y. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, Y. Takenaga, Y. Takeuchi, K. Taki, Y. Takubo, N. Tamura, M. Tanaka, R. Terri, S. T'Jampens, A. Tornero-Lopez, Y. Totsuka, S. Ueda, M. Vagins, L. Whitehead, C. W. Walter, W. Wang, R. J. Wilkes, S. Yamada, S. Yamamoto, C. Yanagisawa, N. Yershov, H. Yokoyama, M. Yokoyama, J. Yoo, M. Yoshida, J. Zalipska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

147 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the result from a search for charged-current coherent pion production induced by muon neutrinos with a mean energy of 1.3 GeV. The data are collected with a fully active scintillator detector in the K2K long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. No evidence for coherent pion production is observed, and an upper limit of 0.60×10-2 is set on the cross section ratio of coherent pion production to the total charged-current interaction at 90% confidence level. This is the first experimental limit for coherent charged pion production in the energy region of a few GeV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number252301
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume95
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 16 2005

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pions
neutrinos
carbon
interactions
scintillation counters
muons
confidence
oscillations
energy
detectors
cross sections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Hasegawa, M., Aliu, E., Andringa, S., Aoki, S., Argyriades, J., Asakura, K., ... Zalipska, J. (2005). Search for coherent charged pion production in neutrino-carbon interactions. Physical Review Letters, 95(25), [252301]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.252301

Search for coherent charged pion production in neutrino-carbon interactions. / Hasegawa, M.; Aliu, E.; Andringa, S.; Aoki, S.; Argyriades, J.; Asakura, K.; Ashie, R.; Berns, H.; Bhang, H.; Blondel, A.; Borghi, S.; Bouchez, J.; Burguet-Castell, J.; Casper, D.; Cavata, C.; Cervera, A.; Chen, S. M.; Cho, K. O.; Choi, J. H.; Dore, U.; Espinal, X.; Fechner, M.; Fernandez, E.; Fukuda, Y.; Gomez-Cadenas, J.; Gran, R.; Hara, T.; Hasegawa, T.; Hayashi, K.; Hayato, Y.; Helmer, R. L.; Hill, J.; Hiraide, K.; Hosaka, J.; Ichikawa, A. K.; Iinuma, M.; Ikeda, A.; Inagaki, T.; Ishida, T.; Ishihara, K.; Ishii, T.; Ishitsuka, M.; Itow, Y.; Iwashita, T.; Jang, H. I.; Jeon, E. J.; Jeong, I. S.; Joo, K. K.; Jover, G.; Jung, C. K.; Kajita, T.; Kameda, J.; Kaneyuki, K.; Kato, I.; Kearns, E.; Kerr, D.; Kim, C. O.; Khabibullin, M.; Khotjantsev, A.; Kielczewska, D.; Kim, J. Y.; Kim, S. B.; Kitching, P.; Kobayashi, K.; Kobayashi, T.; Konaka, A.; Koshio, Yusuke; Kropp, W.; Kubota, J.; Kudenko, Y.; Kuno, Y.; Kutter, T.; Learned, J.; Likhoded, S.; Lim, I. T.; Loverre, P. F.; Ludovici, L.; Maesaka, H.; Mallet, J.; Mariani, C.; Maruyama, T.; Matsuno, S.; Matveev, V.; Mauger, C.; McConnel, K.; McGrew, C.; Mikheyev, S.; Minamino, A.; Mine, S.; Mineev, O.; Mitsuda, C.; Miura, M.; Moriguchi, Y.; Morita, T.; Moriyama, S.; Nakadaira, T.; Nakahata, M.; Nakamura, K.; Nakano, I.; Nakaya, T.; Nakayama, S.; Namba, T.; Nambu, R.; Nawang, S.; Nishikawa, K.; Nitta, K.; Nova, F.; Novella, P.; Obayashi, Y.; Okada, A.; Okumura, K.; Oser, S. M.; Oyama, Y.; Pac, M. Y.; Pierre, F.; Rodriguez, A.; Saji, C.; Sakuda, Makoto; Sanchez, F.; Sarrat, A.; Sasaki, T.; Sato, H.; Scholberg, K.; Schroeter, R.; Sekiguchi, M.; Sharkey, E.; Shiozawa, M.; Shiraishi, K.; Sitjes, G.; Smy, M.; Sobel, H.; Stone, J.; Sulak, L.; Suzuki, A.; Suzuki, Y.; Takahashi, T.; Takenaga, Y.; Takeuchi, Y.; Taki, K.; Takubo, Y.; Tamura, N.; Tanaka, M.; Terri, R.; T'Jampens, S.; Tornero-Lopez, A.; Totsuka, Y.; Ueda, S.; Vagins, M.; Whitehead, L.; Walter, C. W.; Wang, W.; Wilkes, R. J.; Yamada, S.; Yamamoto, S.; Yanagisawa, C.; Yershov, N.; Yokoyama, H.; Yokoyama, M.; Yoo, J.; Yoshida, M.; Zalipska, J.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 95, No. 25, 252301, 16.12.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hasegawa, M, Aliu, E, Andringa, S, Aoki, S, Argyriades, J, Asakura, K, Ashie, R, Berns, H, Bhang, H, Blondel, A, Borghi, S, Bouchez, J, Burguet-Castell, J, Casper, D, Cavata, C, Cervera, A, Chen, SM, Cho, KO, Choi, JH, Dore, U, Espinal, X, Fechner, M, Fernandez, E, Fukuda, Y, Gomez-Cadenas, J, Gran, R, Hara, T, Hasegawa, T, Hayashi, K, Hayato, Y, Helmer, RL, Hill, J, Hiraide, K, Hosaka, J, Ichikawa, AK, Iinuma, M, Ikeda, A, Inagaki, T, Ishida, T, Ishihara, K, Ishii, T, Ishitsuka, M, Itow, Y, Iwashita, T, Jang, HI, Jeon, EJ, Jeong, IS, Joo, KK, Jover, G, Jung, CK, Kajita, T, Kameda, J, Kaneyuki, K, Kato, I, Kearns, E, Kerr, D, Kim, CO, Khabibullin, M, Khotjantsev, A, Kielczewska, D, Kim, JY, Kim, SB, Kitching, P, Kobayashi, K, Kobayashi, T, Konaka, A, Koshio, Y, Kropp, W, Kubota, J, Kudenko, Y, Kuno, Y, Kutter, T, Learned, J, Likhoded, S, Lim, IT, Loverre, PF, Ludovici, L, Maesaka, H, Mallet, J, Mariani, C, Maruyama, T, Matsuno, S, Matveev, V, Mauger, C, McConnel, K, McGrew, C, Mikheyev, S, Minamino, A, Mine, S, Mineev, O, Mitsuda, C, Miura, M, Moriguchi, Y, Morita, T, Moriyama, S, Nakadaira, T, Nakahata, M, Nakamura, K, Nakano, I, Nakaya, T, Nakayama, S, Namba, T, Nambu, R, Nawang, S, Nishikawa, K, Nitta, K, Nova, F, Novella, P, Obayashi, Y, Okada, A, Okumura, K, Oser, SM, Oyama, Y, Pac, MY, Pierre, F, Rodriguez, A, Saji, C, Sakuda, M, Sanchez, F, Sarrat, A, Sasaki, T, Sato, H, Scholberg, K, Schroeter, R, Sekiguchi, M, Sharkey, E, Shiozawa, M, Shiraishi, K, Sitjes, G, Smy, M, Sobel, H, Stone, J, Sulak, L, Suzuki, A, Suzuki, Y, Takahashi, T, Takenaga, Y, Takeuchi, Y, Taki, K, Takubo, Y, Tamura, N, Tanaka, M, Terri, R, T'Jampens, S, Tornero-Lopez, A, Totsuka, Y, Ueda, S, Vagins, M, Whitehead, L, Walter, CW, Wang, W, Wilkes, RJ, Yamada, S, Yamamoto, S, Yanagisawa, C, Yershov, N, Yokoyama, H, Yokoyama, M, Yoo, J, Yoshida, M & Zalipska, J 2005, 'Search for coherent charged pion production in neutrino-carbon interactions', Physical Review Letters, vol. 95, no. 25, 252301. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.252301
Hasegawa M, Aliu E, Andringa S, Aoki S, Argyriades J, Asakura K et al. Search for coherent charged pion production in neutrino-carbon interactions. Physical Review Letters. 2005 Dec 16;95(25). 252301. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.252301
Hasegawa, M. ; Aliu, E. ; Andringa, S. ; Aoki, S. ; Argyriades, J. ; Asakura, K. ; Ashie, R. ; Berns, H. ; Bhang, H. ; Blondel, A. ; Borghi, S. ; Bouchez, J. ; Burguet-Castell, J. ; Casper, D. ; Cavata, C. ; Cervera, A. ; Chen, S. M. ; Cho, K. O. ; Choi, J. H. ; Dore, U. ; Espinal, X. ; Fechner, M. ; Fernandez, E. ; Fukuda, Y. ; Gomez-Cadenas, J. ; Gran, R. ; Hara, T. ; Hasegawa, T. ; Hayashi, K. ; Hayato, Y. ; Helmer, R. L. ; Hill, J. ; Hiraide, K. ; Hosaka, J. ; Ichikawa, A. K. ; Iinuma, M. ; Ikeda, A. ; Inagaki, T. ; Ishida, T. ; Ishihara, K. ; Ishii, T. ; Ishitsuka, M. ; Itow, Y. ; Iwashita, T. ; Jang, H. I. ; Jeon, E. J. ; Jeong, I. S. ; Joo, K. K. ; Jover, G. ; Jung, C. K. ; Kajita, T. ; Kameda, J. ; Kaneyuki, K. ; Kato, I. ; Kearns, E. ; Kerr, D. ; Kim, C. O. ; Khabibullin, M. ; Khotjantsev, A. ; Kielczewska, D. ; Kim, J. Y. ; Kim, S. B. ; Kitching, P. ; Kobayashi, K. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Konaka, A. ; Koshio, Yusuke ; Kropp, W. ; Kubota, J. ; Kudenko, Y. ; Kuno, Y. ; Kutter, T. ; Learned, J. ; Likhoded, S. ; Lim, I. T. ; Loverre, P. F. ; Ludovici, L. ; Maesaka, H. ; Mallet, J. ; Mariani, C. ; Maruyama, T. ; Matsuno, S. ; Matveev, V. ; Mauger, C. ; McConnel, K. ; McGrew, C. ; Mikheyev, S. ; Minamino, A. ; Mine, S. ; Mineev, O. ; Mitsuda, C. ; Miura, M. ; Moriguchi, Y. ; Morita, T. ; Moriyama, S. ; Nakadaira, T. ; Nakahata, M. ; Nakamura, K. ; Nakano, I. ; Nakaya, T. ; Nakayama, S. ; Namba, T. ; Nambu, R. ; Nawang, S. ; Nishikawa, K. ; Nitta, K. ; Nova, F. ; Novella, P. ; Obayashi, Y. ; Okada, A. ; Okumura, K. ; Oser, S. M. ; Oyama, Y. ; Pac, M. Y. ; Pierre, F. ; Rodriguez, A. ; Saji, C. ; Sakuda, Makoto ; Sanchez, F. ; Sarrat, A. ; Sasaki, T. ; Sato, H. ; Scholberg, K. ; Schroeter, R. ; Sekiguchi, M. ; Sharkey, E. ; Shiozawa, M. ; Shiraishi, K. ; Sitjes, G. ; Smy, M. ; Sobel, H. ; Stone, J. ; Sulak, L. ; Suzuki, A. ; Suzuki, Y. ; Takahashi, T. ; Takenaga, Y. ; Takeuchi, Y. ; Taki, K. ; Takubo, Y. ; Tamura, N. ; Tanaka, M. ; Terri, R. ; T'Jampens, S. ; Tornero-Lopez, A. ; Totsuka, Y. ; Ueda, S. ; Vagins, M. ; Whitehead, L. ; Walter, C. W. ; Wang, W. ; Wilkes, R. J. ; Yamada, S. ; Yamamoto, S. ; Yanagisawa, C. ; Yershov, N. ; Yokoyama, H. ; Yokoyama, M. ; Yoo, J. ; Yoshida, M. ; Zalipska, J. / Search for coherent charged pion production in neutrino-carbon interactions. In: Physical Review Letters. 2005 ; Vol. 95, No. 25.
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title = "Search for coherent charged pion production in neutrino-carbon interactions",
abstract = "We report the result from a search for charged-current coherent pion production induced by muon neutrinos with a mean energy of 1.3 GeV. The data are collected with a fully active scintillator detector in the K2K long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. No evidence for coherent pion production is observed, and an upper limit of 0.60×10-2 is set on the cross section ratio of coherent pion production to the total charged-current interaction at 90{\%} confidence level. This is the first experimental limit for coherent charged pion production in the energy region of a few GeV.",
author = "M. Hasegawa and E. Aliu and S. Andringa and S. Aoki and J. Argyriades and K. Asakura and R. Ashie and H. Berns and H. Bhang and A. Blondel and S. Borghi and J. Bouchez and J. Burguet-Castell and D. Casper and C. Cavata and A. Cervera and Chen, {S. M.} and Cho, {K. O.} and Choi, {J. H.} and U. Dore and X. Espinal and M. Fechner and E. Fernandez and Y. Fukuda and J. Gomez-Cadenas and R. Gran and T. Hara and T. Hasegawa and K. Hayashi and Y. Hayato and Helmer, {R. L.} and J. Hill and K. Hiraide and J. Hosaka and Ichikawa, {A. K.} and M. Iinuma and A. Ikeda and T. Inagaki and T. Ishida and K. Ishihara and T. Ishii and M. Ishitsuka and Y. Itow and T. Iwashita and Jang, {H. I.} and Jeon, {E. J.} and Jeong, {I. S.} and Joo, {K. K.} and G. Jover and Jung, {C. K.} and T. Kajita and J. Kameda and K. Kaneyuki and I. Kato and E. Kearns and D. Kerr and Kim, {C. O.} and M. Khabibullin and A. Khotjantsev and D. Kielczewska and Kim, {J. Y.} and Kim, {S. B.} and P. Kitching and K. Kobayashi and T. Kobayashi and A. Konaka and Yusuke Koshio and W. Kropp and J. Kubota and Y. Kudenko and Y. Kuno and T. Kutter and J. Learned and S. Likhoded and Lim, {I. T.} and Loverre, {P. F.} and L. Ludovici and H. Maesaka and J. Mallet and C. Mariani and T. Maruyama and S. Matsuno and V. Matveev and C. Mauger and K. McConnel and C. McGrew and S. Mikheyev and A. Minamino and S. Mine and O. Mineev and C. Mitsuda and M. Miura and Y. Moriguchi and T. Morita and S. Moriyama and T. Nakadaira and M. Nakahata and K. Nakamura and I. Nakano and T. Nakaya and S. Nakayama and T. Namba and R. Nambu and S. Nawang and K. Nishikawa and K. Nitta and F. Nova and P. Novella and Y. Obayashi and A. Okada and K. Okumura and Oser, {S. M.} and Y. Oyama and Pac, {M. Y.} and F. Pierre and A. Rodriguez and C. Saji and Makoto Sakuda and F. Sanchez and A. Sarrat and T. Sasaki and H. Sato and K. Scholberg and R. Schroeter and M. Sekiguchi and E. Sharkey and M. Shiozawa and K. Shiraishi and G. Sitjes and M. Smy and H. Sobel and J. Stone and L. Sulak and A. Suzuki and Y. Suzuki and T. Takahashi and Y. Takenaga and Y. Takeuchi and K. Taki and Y. Takubo and N. Tamura and M. Tanaka and R. Terri and S. T'Jampens and A. Tornero-Lopez and Y. Totsuka and S. Ueda and M. Vagins and L. Whitehead and Walter, {C. W.} and W. Wang and Wilkes, {R. J.} and S. Yamada and S. Yamamoto and C. Yanagisawa and N. Yershov and H. Yokoyama and M. Yokoyama and J. Yoo and M. Yoshida and J. Zalipska",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Search for coherent charged pion production in neutrino-carbon interactions

AU - Hasegawa, M.

AU - Aliu, E.

AU - Andringa, S.

AU - Aoki, S.

AU - Argyriades, J.

AU - Asakura, K.

AU - Ashie, R.

AU - Berns, H.

AU - Bhang, H.

AU - Blondel, A.

AU - Borghi, S.

AU - Bouchez, J.

AU - Burguet-Castell, J.

AU - Casper, D.

AU - Cavata, C.

AU - Cervera, A.

AU - Chen, S. M.

AU - Cho, K. O.

AU - Choi, J. H.

AU - Dore, U.

AU - Espinal, X.

AU - Fechner, M.

AU - Fernandez, E.

AU - Fukuda, Y.

AU - Gomez-Cadenas, J.

AU - Gran, R.

AU - Hara, T.

AU - Hasegawa, T.

AU - Hayashi, K.

AU - Hayato, Y.

AU - Helmer, R. L.

AU - Hill, J.

AU - Hiraide, K.

AU - Hosaka, J.

AU - Ichikawa, A. K.

AU - Iinuma, M.

AU - Ikeda, A.

AU - Inagaki, T.

AU - Ishida, T.

AU - Ishihara, K.

AU - Ishii, T.

AU - Ishitsuka, M.

AU - Itow, Y.

AU - Iwashita, T.

AU - Jang, H. I.

AU - Jeon, E. J.

AU - Jeong, I. S.

AU - Joo, K. K.

AU - Jover, G.

AU - Jung, C. K.

AU - Kajita, T.

AU - Kameda, J.

AU - Kaneyuki, K.

AU - Kato, I.

AU - Kearns, E.

AU - Kerr, D.

AU - Kim, C. O.

AU - Khabibullin, M.

AU - Khotjantsev, A.

AU - Kielczewska, D.

AU - Kim, J. Y.

AU - Kim, S. B.

AU - Kitching, P.

AU - Kobayashi, K.

AU - Kobayashi, T.

AU - Konaka, A.

AU - Koshio, Yusuke

AU - Kropp, W.

AU - Kubota, J.

AU - Kudenko, Y.

AU - Kuno, Y.

AU - Kutter, T.

AU - Learned, J.

AU - Likhoded, S.

AU - Lim, I. T.

AU - Loverre, P. F.

AU - Ludovici, L.

AU - Maesaka, H.

AU - Mallet, J.

AU - Mariani, C.

AU - Maruyama, T.

AU - Matsuno, S.

AU - Matveev, V.

AU - Mauger, C.

AU - McConnel, K.

AU - McGrew, C.

AU - Mikheyev, S.

AU - Minamino, A.

AU - Mine, S.

AU - Mineev, O.

AU - Mitsuda, C.

AU - Miura, M.

AU - Moriguchi, Y.

AU - Morita, T.

AU - Moriyama, S.

AU - Nakadaira, T.

AU - Nakahata, M.

AU - Nakamura, K.

AU - Nakano, I.

AU - Nakaya, T.

AU - Nakayama, S.

AU - Namba, T.

AU - Nambu, R.

AU - Nawang, S.

AU - Nishikawa, K.

AU - Nitta, K.

AU - Nova, F.

AU - Novella, P.

AU - Obayashi, Y.

AU - Okada, A.

AU - Okumura, K.

AU - Oser, S. M.

AU - Oyama, Y.

AU - Pac, M. Y.

AU - Pierre, F.

AU - Rodriguez, A.

AU - Saji, C.

AU - Sakuda, Makoto

AU - Sanchez, F.

AU - Sarrat, A.

AU - Sasaki, T.

AU - Sato, H.

AU - Scholberg, K.

AU - Schroeter, R.

AU - Sekiguchi, M.

AU - Sharkey, E.

AU - Shiozawa, M.

AU - Shiraishi, K.

AU - Sitjes, G.

AU - Smy, M.

AU - Sobel, H.

AU - Stone, J.

AU - Sulak, L.

AU - Suzuki, A.

AU - Suzuki, Y.

AU - Takahashi, T.

AU - Takenaga, Y.

AU - Takeuchi, Y.

AU - Taki, K.

AU - Takubo, Y.

AU - Tamura, N.

AU - Tanaka, M.

AU - Terri, R.

AU - T'Jampens, S.

AU - Tornero-Lopez, A.

AU - Totsuka, Y.

AU - Ueda, S.

AU - Vagins, M.

AU - Whitehead, L.

AU - Walter, C. W.

AU - Wang, W.

AU - Wilkes, R. J.

AU - Yamada, S.

AU - Yamamoto, S.

AU - Yanagisawa, C.

AU - Yershov, N.

AU - Yokoyama, H.

AU - Yokoyama, M.

AU - Yoo, J.

AU - Yoshida, M.

AU - Zalipska, J.

PY - 2005/12/16

Y1 - 2005/12/16

N2 - We report the result from a search for charged-current coherent pion production induced by muon neutrinos with a mean energy of 1.3 GeV. The data are collected with a fully active scintillator detector in the K2K long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. No evidence for coherent pion production is observed, and an upper limit of 0.60×10-2 is set on the cross section ratio of coherent pion production to the total charged-current interaction at 90% confidence level. This is the first experimental limit for coherent charged pion production in the energy region of a few GeV.

AB - We report the result from a search for charged-current coherent pion production induced by muon neutrinos with a mean energy of 1.3 GeV. The data are collected with a fully active scintillator detector in the K2K long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. No evidence for coherent pion production is observed, and an upper limit of 0.60×10-2 is set on the cross section ratio of coherent pion production to the total charged-current interaction at 90% confidence level. This is the first experimental limit for coherent charged pion production in the energy region of a few GeV.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.252301

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.252301

M3 - Article

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JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 25

M1 - 252301

ER -