Dodecapeptides that exhibit a high affinity specific to a polystyrene surface (PS-tags) were screened using an Escherichia coli random peptide display library system, and the compounds were used as a peptide tag for the site-specific immobilization of proteins. The various PS-tags obtained after 10 rounds of biopanning selection were mainly composed of basic and aliphatic amino acid residues, most of which were arranged in close proximity to one another. Mutant-type glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) fused with the selected PS-tags, PS19 (RAFIASRRIKRP) and PS23 (AGLRLKKAAIHR) at their C-terminus, GST-PS19 and GST-PS23, when adsorbed on the PS latex beads had a higher affinity than the wild-type GST, and the specific remaining activity of the immobilized mutant-type GSTs was approximately 10 times higher than that of the wild-type GST. The signal intensity detected for GST-PS19 and GST-PS23 adsorbed on hydrophilic and hydrophobic PS surfaces using an anti-peptide antibody specific for the N-terminus peptide of GST was much higher than that for the wild-type GST. These findings indicate that the mutant-type GSTs fused with the selected peptide tags, PS19 and PS23, could be site-specifically immobilized on the surface of polystyrene with their N-terminal regions directed toward the solution. Thus, the selected peptide tags would be useful for protein immobilization in the construction of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) systems and protein-based biochips.
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