Scleral infolding combined with vitrectomy and gas tamponade for retinal detachment with macular holes in highly myopic eyes

Toshihiko Matsuo, Fumio Shiraga, Ippei Takasu, Toshio Okanouchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the effectiveness of a surgical procedure, scleral infolding combined with vitrectomy and gas tamponade, for retinal detachment caused by macular holes in highly myopic eyes. Methods: In a pilot study, scleral infolding was performed in 5 patients with macular holes, who were selected from 10 consecutive highly myopic patients with retinal detachment caused by macular holes (8 patients) or extramacular posterior-pole holes (2 patients), treated during 1 year at Okayama University Hospital. The patients were all women, 48-77 years of age (mean = 63.4 years), who had been followed-up for 1-2 years. Selection criteria for scleral infolding were either second surgeries for reopening of macular holes (2 patients) or residual retinal detachment around macular holes after complete fluid-air exchange with drainage of subretinal fluid at the initial surgery (3 patients). Following vitrectomy and complete epiretinal membrane removal in the posterior pole, the sclera was shortened by infolding on the temporal side. Three mattress sutures with 5-0 Dacron in each quadrant, 6 sutures in total, were placed at a 7-mm anteroposterior interval with posterior sutures located as deep as possible, near vortex veins. Fluid-gas exchange was then done, with or without endophotocoagulation applied around macular holes. Results: After scleral infolding, macular holes were closed, and the retina was totally attached in all 5 patients. The final visual acuity ranged from 20/2000 to 20/70. Conclusion: Scleral infolding is a simple and effective procedure for treating retinal detachment with macular holes in highly myopic eyes and could be used as an optional procedure of reoperation for a failed initial vitrectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-408
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 11 2001

Keywords

  • High myopia
  • Macular hole
  • Retinal detachment
  • Scleral infolding
  • Scleral shortening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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