Salivary secretion, taste and hyposalivation

H. Mese, R. Matsuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

159 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary Saliva has many essential functions. As the first digestive fluid in the alimentary canal, saliva is secreted in response to food, assisting intake and initiating the digestion of starch and lipids. During this process, saliva acts as a solvent of taste substances and affects taste sensitivity. Clinically, a more important role is in the maintenance of oral health, including the protection of teeth and mucosa from infections, maintenance of the milieu of taste receptors, and communication ability through speech. Variations in salivary flow can be affected, reversibly or irreversibly, by numerous physiological and pathological factors. Decreased salivary flow results in clinically significant oral discomfort that may manifest as increased caries, susceptibility to oral candidiasis, altered taste sensation or as a host of other problems. Hyposalivation is a condition that is frequently encountered in dental practice. The most common cause is the use of certain systemic medications, which put the elderly at greater risk because they are usually more medicated. Other causes include high doses of radiation and certain diseases such as Sjögren's syndrome. This article reviews the mechanism of salivary secretion, effect of saliva on taste, importance of saliva in oral health, and hyposalivation in relation to ageing, medicine and/or disease and management of hyposalivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-723
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Oral Rehabilitation
Volume34
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

Fingerprint

Xerostomia
Saliva
Oral Health
Tooth
Dysgeusia
Oral Candidiasis
Aptitude
Disease Management
Starch
Digestion
Mucous Membrane
Eating
Communication
Maintenance
Medicine
Radiation
Lipids
Infection

Keywords

  • Ageing
  • Hyposalivation
  • Oral health
  • Saliva
  • Taste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Salivary secretion, taste and hyposalivation. / Mese, H.; Matsuo, R.

In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Vol. 34, No. 10, 10.2007, p. 711-723.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mese, H. ; Matsuo, R. / Salivary secretion, taste and hyposalivation. In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation. 2007 ; Vol. 34, No. 10. pp. 711-723.
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