Background: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have been proven to prevent sudden cardiac death in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients. Although the left side is chosen by default, implantation from the right side is often required. However, little is known about the efficacy and safety of right-sided ICDs in ACHD patients. Methods: In this study we reviewed a total of 191 ACHD patients undergoing ICD/cardioverter resynchronisation therapy-defibrillator (CRT-D) implantation at our hospital between 2001 and 2019 (134 men and 57 women; age [mean ± standard deviation], 41.5 ± 14.8 years). Results: Twenty-seven patients (14.1%) had right-sided devices. The most common causes of right-sided implantation were persistent left superior vena cava and vein occlusion (37.0%). Although procedure time (202.8 ± 60.5 minutes vs 143.8 ± 69.1 minutes, P = 0.008) was longer and the procedural success was lower (92.6% vs 99.4%, P = 0.008) for right-sided devices, no difference in R-wave and pacing threshold were noted. Among the 47 patients (24.6%) who underwent defibrillation threshold testing (DFT), no difference in DFT was observed (25.2 ± 5.3 J vs 23.8 ± 4.1 J, P = 0.460). During the median follow-up of 42.4 months, appropriate ICD therapy was observed in 5 (18.5%) and 30 (18.3%) patients for right- and left-sided ICDs/CRTDs, respectively (P = 0.978). No significant difference was seen in complications between them. Conclusions: Implantation of an ICD on the right side is technically challenging, but it is feasible as an alternative approach for ACHD patients with contraindications to left-sided device implantation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine