Background: Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) and pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis (PCH) are rare causes of pulmonary hypertension. There is no proven medical therapy to treat these diseases, and lung transplantation is thought to be the only cure. Administration of vasodilators including epoprostenol sometimes causes massive pulmonary edema and could be fatal in these patients. Methods and Results: Eight patients were treated with epoprostenol for 387.3±116.3 days (range, 102-1,063 days), who were finally diagnosed with PVOD or PCH by pathological examination. The maximum dose of epoprostenol given was 55.3±10.7 ng · kg -1 · min -1 (range, 21.0-110.5 ng · kg -1 · min -1). With careful management, epoprostenol therapy significantly improved the 6-min walk distance (97.5±39.2 to 329.4±34.6 m, P-1 · m -2 (P-1 · min -1. Conclusions: This study data suggest that cautious application of epoprostenol can be considered as a therapeutic option in patients with PVOD and PCH.
- Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Pulmonary venoocclusive disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine