Objectives: A sleeve lobectomy is a widely accepted procedure for enabling the pulmonary parenchyma to be spared. Induction chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery is one treatment option for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but CRT is considered to have a negative effect on subsequent surgery, especially for anastomotic healing. In this study, we describe our experience performing sleeve lobectomies and the associated anastomotic complications after induction CRT. Methods: The medical records of NSCLC patients who underwent surgery after receiving CRT were reviewed. The relationships between anastomotic complications and clinicopathological factors were examined. Results: Between December 1998 and October 2011, a total of 104 patients received CRT followed by surgery. Among them, 14 NSCLC patients underwent a bronchial sleeve resection: nine patients underwent a right upper lobe resection, two patients underwent a left lingular division and lower lobe resection and one patient each underwent a right lower lobe, a right upper and middle lobe and a right middle and lower lobe resection. A bronchopleural fistula at the anastomosis occurred in two patients. A pulmonary arterial (PA) branch to the spared lobe had been sacrificed in both of these patients because of tumour involvement. In contrast, the PA branches to the spared lobes were preserved in 11 of the 12 patients who did not exhibit anastomotic complications (P = 0.033). Conclusions: Our experience strongly suggests that the sacrifice of the PA branch to the spared lobe is a possible risk factor for anastomotic complications for a sleeve lobectomy after induction CRT.
- Bronchopleural fistula
- Induction chemoradiotherapy
- Lung cancer
- Sleeve lobectomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine