Twelve patients aged between 10.9 and 64.7 (mean 28.5) years with a malignant tumour of the knee region underwent a rotationplasty after failed primary limb salvage procedure. The reasons for failure which finally lead to surgery were recurrent infection in 10 patients and local recurrence of the tumour in 2. The number of operations before the rotationplasty was performed was between 2 and 23 (mean 6.7). According to the primary tumour site, 9 patients underwent a rotationplasty type A1, 3 patients type A2, and 1 patient type BII. In 9 patients the rotationplasty was successful, but 3 patients finally had to undergo amputation. Intraoperative preservation of the vessels was difficult in these 3 patients due to infection and oedema of the arteries or massive fibrous tissues after the previous surgery. After rotationplasty, 3 of 9 patients had to undergo additional surgery because of thrombosis, pseudarthrosis and infection (n = 5, range 1-2). The mean follow-up after rotationplasty was 34.9 (range 13-65) months. The mean functional status according to the MSTS criteria in patients after rotationplasty scored 21.3 of 30 points. In the group of amputees, the score was 19 (range 16-22). Concerning the health-related quality-of-life, the mean score in physical functioning was 76.3 in the group with a rotationplasty versus 50.0 in the group of amputees. Patients with a rotationplasty reached a higher score of global health status (77.1 vs 58.3). Based on the present results we are convinced that rotationplasty can be recommended as a treatment option after a failed limb salvage procedure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine