To identify the contributions of the multiband nature and the anisotropy of a microscopic electronic structure to a macroscopic vortex lattice morphology, we develop a method based on the Eilenberger theory near Hc2 combined with the first-principles band calculation to estimate the stable vortex lattice configuration. For a typical two-band superconductor MgB2, successive transitions of vortex lattice orientation that have been observed recently by small angle neutron scattering [Das et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 (2012) 167001] are explained by the characteristic fielddependence of two-band superconductivity and the competition of sixfold anisotropy between the σ- and π-bands. The reentrant transition at low temperature reflects the Fermi velocity anisotropy of the σ-band.
- First-principles band calculation
- Quasiclassical eilenberger theory
- Two-band superconductivity
- Vortex lattice morphology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)