Roseomonas mucosa bacteremia in a neutropenic child: A case report and literature review

Keigo Kimura, Hideharu Hagiya, Isao Nishi, Hisao Yoshida, Kazunori Tomono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Roseomonas species is rarely found to be pathogenic to humans and there are few clinical cases that have been described in the literature. We report a case of Roseomonas mucosa bacteremia that involved a 9-year-old Japanese boy who was in a condition of febrile neutropenia caused by chemotherapy for cerebellar medulloblastoma. Conventional phenotyping failed to identify the organism; however, genetic analysis using 16S rDNA sequencing confirmed the pathogen to be R. mucosa. The patient recovered following treatment by meropenem without any complications. A literature review of pediatric cases of Roseomonas bacteremia identified 12 other documented cases, and these revealed that a common clinical situation for the infection is an immunocompromised state with malignancy and/or an indwelling intravenous catheter. Because of the low number of cases, the overall picture of Roseomonas bacteremia in children remains to be elucidated; however, the prognosis of the infection appears to be satisfactory.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00469
JournalIDCases
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Methylobacteriaceae
Bacteremia
Mucous Membrane
meropenem
Febrile Neutropenia
Medulloblastoma
Indwelling Catheters
Ribosomal DNA
Infection
Pediatrics
Drug Therapy
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Bloodstream infection
  • Febrile neutropenia
  • Roseomonas mucosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Roseomonas mucosa bacteremia in a neutropenic child : A case report and literature review. / Kimura, Keigo; Hagiya, Hideharu; Nishi, Isao; Yoshida, Hisao; Tomono, Kazunori.

In: IDCases, Vol. 14, e00469, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kimura, Keigo ; Hagiya, Hideharu ; Nishi, Isao ; Yoshida, Hisao ; Tomono, Kazunori. / Roseomonas mucosa bacteremia in a neutropenic child : A case report and literature review. In: IDCases. 2018 ; Vol. 14.
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