Room-temperature synthesis and characterization of cobalt-doped carbon nanofibers

D. Takeuchi, Z. P. Wang, A. Miyawaki, K. Yamaguchi, Y. Suzuki, M. Tanemura, Y. Hayashi, P. R. Somani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The graphite surfaces were irradiated by Ar+ ions with and without a simultaneous Co supply at room temperature. The sputtered surface without Co supply was characterized by densely distributed conical protrusions with aligned carbon nanofibers (CNFs) on the tops, whereas Ar+-bombarded surfaces with a simultaneous Co supply were covered with asparagus-like (micrometer order in base diameter) or nanofibrous (10-50 nm in diameter) structures depending on the supply rate of Co atoms. No CNF-tipped cones were observed to form. For the nanofibers containing carbon and cobalt, the hysteresis behavior observed in the magnetization property by applying magnetic fields in directions perpendicular and parallel (in-plain) to the substrate was almost identical, whereas a continuous 1 μm thick-Co film showed the strong in-plane anisotropy. Other materials could be readily incorporated into CNFs by choosing the suitable metal sources. Thus, the ion-irradiation method is expected to open up a new approach to fabricate ferromagnetic 1-D nanomaterials at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-584
Number of pages4
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • (others) magnetic properties
  • Amorphous carbon
  • Ion bombardment
  • Nanofibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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