Roles of major oligosaccharides on Cry j 1 in human immunoglobulin E and T cell responses

M. Okano, Yoshinobu Kimura, K. Kino, Y. Michigami, S. Sakamoto, Y. Sugata, Megumi Maeda, F. Matsuda, M. Kimura, T. Ogawa, Kazunori Nishizaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We have demonstrated that carbohydrates in Cry j 1, the major allergen of Cryptomeria japonica pollen, play a major role in promoting Cry j 1-specific Th2 response. However, little is known as to whether the carbohydrates directly participate in allergic responses. Objective: We sought to determine whether Cry j 1-related oligosaccharides function as IgE and/or T cell epitopes. In addition, the regulatory effect of Cry j 1-related oligosaccharide on Cry j 1-specific T cell responses was investigated. Methods: Two monovalent oligosaccharides largely found on Cry j 1, Manα1- 6(Manα1-3) (Xylβ1-2)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4(Fucα1-3)GlcNAc (M3FX), and GlcNAcβ1-2Manα1-6(GlcNAcβ1-2Manα1-3) (Xylβ1-2)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4(Fucα1-3)GlcNAc (GN2M3FX) were prepared. Manα1-2Manα1-6(Manα1-2Manα1-3)Manα1- 6(Manα1-2Manα1-2Manα1-3)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4GlcNAc (M9A) was used as control. Competitive inhibition ELISA for Cry j 1-specific IgE was performed using these oligosaccharides as inhibitors. In addition, T cell lines specific for Cry j 1 or purified protein derivative of Mycobacterium tubecurosis (PPD) were established, and cellular responses against these oligosaccharides were investigated in the presence or absence of the respective antigens. Results: Overall, neither M3FX nor GN2M3FX displayed inhibitory effect on the binding between IgE and Cry j 1. In addition, M3FX did not by itself stimulate Cry j 1 or PPD-specific T cells. However, M3FX significantly inhibited Cry j 1-induced proliferation and IL-4 production in Cry j 1-specific T cells. Such an inhibitory effect was not seen in PPD-specific T cell responses. Conclusion: These results suggest that Cry j 1-related oligosaccharides are not major epitopes for IgE or T cells. However, these oligosaccharides have a novel potential to inhibit Cry j 1-specific T cell responses selectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)770-778
Number of pages9
JournalClinical and Experimental Allergy
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2004

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Oligosaccharides
Immunoglobulin E
T-Lymphocytes
Tuberculin
Carbohydrates
Cryptomeria
T-Lymphocyte Epitopes
Mycobacterium
Pollen
Interleukin-4
Allergens
Epitopes
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Antigens
Cell Line
Proteins

Keywords

  • IgE
  • Oligosaccharide
  • Pollen
  • T cell
  • Th2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Roles of major oligosaccharides on Cry j 1 in human immunoglobulin E and T cell responses. / Okano, M.; Kimura, Yoshinobu; Kino, K.; Michigami, Y.; Sakamoto, S.; Sugata, Y.; Maeda, Megumi; Matsuda, F.; Kimura, M.; Ogawa, T.; Nishizaki, Kazunori.

In: Clinical and Experimental Allergy, Vol. 34, No. 5, 05.2004, p. 770-778.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okano, M. ; Kimura, Yoshinobu ; Kino, K. ; Michigami, Y. ; Sakamoto, S. ; Sugata, Y. ; Maeda, Megumi ; Matsuda, F. ; Kimura, M. ; Ogawa, T. ; Nishizaki, Kazunori. / Roles of major oligosaccharides on Cry j 1 in human immunoglobulin E and T cell responses. In: Clinical and Experimental Allergy. 2004 ; Vol. 34, No. 5. pp. 770-778.
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abstract = "Background: We have demonstrated that carbohydrates in Cry j 1, the major allergen of Cryptomeria japonica pollen, play a major role in promoting Cry j 1-specific Th2 response. However, little is known as to whether the carbohydrates directly participate in allergic responses. Objective: We sought to determine whether Cry j 1-related oligosaccharides function as IgE and/or T cell epitopes. In addition, the regulatory effect of Cry j 1-related oligosaccharide on Cry j 1-specific T cell responses was investigated. Methods: Two monovalent oligosaccharides largely found on Cry j 1, Manα1- 6(Manα1-3) (Xylβ1-2)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4(Fucα1-3)GlcNAc (M3FX), and GlcNAcβ1-2Manα1-6(GlcNAcβ1-2Manα1-3) (Xylβ1-2)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4(Fucα1-3)GlcNAc (GN2M3FX) were prepared. Manα1-2Manα1-6(Manα1-2Manα1-3)Manα1- 6(Manα1-2Manα1-2Manα1-3)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4GlcNAc (M9A) was used as control. Competitive inhibition ELISA for Cry j 1-specific IgE was performed using these oligosaccharides as inhibitors. In addition, T cell lines specific for Cry j 1 or purified protein derivative of Mycobacterium tubecurosis (PPD) were established, and cellular responses against these oligosaccharides were investigated in the presence or absence of the respective antigens. Results: Overall, neither M3FX nor GN2M3FX displayed inhibitory effect on the binding between IgE and Cry j 1. In addition, M3FX did not by itself stimulate Cry j 1 or PPD-specific T cells. However, M3FX significantly inhibited Cry j 1-induced proliferation and IL-4 production in Cry j 1-specific T cells. Such an inhibitory effect was not seen in PPD-specific T cell responses. Conclusion: These results suggest that Cry j 1-related oligosaccharides are not major epitopes for IgE or T cells. However, these oligosaccharides have a novel potential to inhibit Cry j 1-specific T cell responses selectively.",
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AU - Okano, M.

AU - Kimura, Yoshinobu

AU - Kino, K.

AU - Michigami, Y.

AU - Sakamoto, S.

AU - Sugata, Y.

AU - Maeda, Megumi

AU - Matsuda, F.

AU - Kimura, M.

AU - Ogawa, T.

AU - Nishizaki, Kazunori

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N2 - Background: We have demonstrated that carbohydrates in Cry j 1, the major allergen of Cryptomeria japonica pollen, play a major role in promoting Cry j 1-specific Th2 response. However, little is known as to whether the carbohydrates directly participate in allergic responses. Objective: We sought to determine whether Cry j 1-related oligosaccharides function as IgE and/or T cell epitopes. In addition, the regulatory effect of Cry j 1-related oligosaccharide on Cry j 1-specific T cell responses was investigated. Methods: Two monovalent oligosaccharides largely found on Cry j 1, Manα1- 6(Manα1-3) (Xylβ1-2)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4(Fucα1-3)GlcNAc (M3FX), and GlcNAcβ1-2Manα1-6(GlcNAcβ1-2Manα1-3) (Xylβ1-2)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4(Fucα1-3)GlcNAc (GN2M3FX) were prepared. Manα1-2Manα1-6(Manα1-2Manα1-3)Manα1- 6(Manα1-2Manα1-2Manα1-3)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4GlcNAc (M9A) was used as control. Competitive inhibition ELISA for Cry j 1-specific IgE was performed using these oligosaccharides as inhibitors. In addition, T cell lines specific for Cry j 1 or purified protein derivative of Mycobacterium tubecurosis (PPD) were established, and cellular responses against these oligosaccharides were investigated in the presence or absence of the respective antigens. Results: Overall, neither M3FX nor GN2M3FX displayed inhibitory effect on the binding between IgE and Cry j 1. In addition, M3FX did not by itself stimulate Cry j 1 or PPD-specific T cells. However, M3FX significantly inhibited Cry j 1-induced proliferation and IL-4 production in Cry j 1-specific T cells. Such an inhibitory effect was not seen in PPD-specific T cell responses. Conclusion: These results suggest that Cry j 1-related oligosaccharides are not major epitopes for IgE or T cells. However, these oligosaccharides have a novel potential to inhibit Cry j 1-specific T cell responses selectively.

AB - Background: We have demonstrated that carbohydrates in Cry j 1, the major allergen of Cryptomeria japonica pollen, play a major role in promoting Cry j 1-specific Th2 response. However, little is known as to whether the carbohydrates directly participate in allergic responses. Objective: We sought to determine whether Cry j 1-related oligosaccharides function as IgE and/or T cell epitopes. In addition, the regulatory effect of Cry j 1-related oligosaccharide on Cry j 1-specific T cell responses was investigated. Methods: Two monovalent oligosaccharides largely found on Cry j 1, Manα1- 6(Manα1-3) (Xylβ1-2)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4(Fucα1-3)GlcNAc (M3FX), and GlcNAcβ1-2Manα1-6(GlcNAcβ1-2Manα1-3) (Xylβ1-2)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4(Fucα1-3)GlcNAc (GN2M3FX) were prepared. Manα1-2Manα1-6(Manα1-2Manα1-3)Manα1- 6(Manα1-2Manα1-2Manα1-3)Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4GlcNAc (M9A) was used as control. Competitive inhibition ELISA for Cry j 1-specific IgE was performed using these oligosaccharides as inhibitors. In addition, T cell lines specific for Cry j 1 or purified protein derivative of Mycobacterium tubecurosis (PPD) were established, and cellular responses against these oligosaccharides were investigated in the presence or absence of the respective antigens. Results: Overall, neither M3FX nor GN2M3FX displayed inhibitory effect on the binding between IgE and Cry j 1. In addition, M3FX did not by itself stimulate Cry j 1 or PPD-specific T cells. However, M3FX significantly inhibited Cry j 1-induced proliferation and IL-4 production in Cry j 1-specific T cells. Such an inhibitory effect was not seen in PPD-specific T cell responses. Conclusion: These results suggest that Cry j 1-related oligosaccharides are not major epitopes for IgE or T cells. However, these oligosaccharides have a novel potential to inhibit Cry j 1-specific T cell responses selectively.

KW - IgE

KW - Oligosaccharide

KW - Pollen

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KW - Th2

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