Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci 6605 has two mul-tidrug resistance (MDR) efflux pump transporters, MexAB-OprM and MexEF-OprN. To understand the role of these MDR efflux pumps in virulence, we generated deletion mutants, ∆mexB, ∆mexF, and ∆mexB∆mexF, and investigated their sensitivity to plant-derived antimicrobial compounds, antibiotics, and virulence. Growth inhibition assays with KB soft agar plate showed that growth of the wild-type (WT) was inhibited by 5 µl of 1 M catechol and 1 M coumarin but not by other plant-derived potential antimicrobial compounds tested including phytoalexins. The sensitivity to these compounds tended to increase in ∆mexB and ∆mexB∆mexF mutants. The ∆mexB∆mexF mutant was also sensitive to 2 M acetovanillone. The mexAB-oprM was constitutively expressed, and activated in the ∆mexF and ∆mexB∆mexF mutant strains. The swarming and swimming motilities were impaired in ∆mexF and ∆mexB∆mexF mutants. The flood inoculation test indicated that bacterial populations in all mutant strains were significantly lower than that of WT, although all mutants and WT caused similar disease symptoms. These results indicate that MexAB-OprM extrudes plant-derived catechol, acetovanillone, or cou-marin, and contributes to bacterial virulence. Further-more, MexAB-OprM and MexEF-OprN complemented each other’s functions to some extent.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science