Role of the TRPM4 channel in mitochondrial function, calcium release, and ROS generation in oxidative stress

Chen Wang, Jian Chen, Mengxue Wang, Keiji Naruse, Ken Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ischemic heart disease is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. Mitochondrial dysfunction, excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and calcium (Ca2+) overload are three key factors leading to myocardial death during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Inhibition of TRPM4, a Ca2+-activated nonselective cation channel, protects the rat heart from I/R injury, but the specific mechanism underlying this effect is unclear. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of cardioprotection against I/R injury via TRPM4 using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), a major contributor to oxidative stress, as an I/R injury model. We knocked out the TRPM4 gene in the rat cardiomyocyte cell line H9c2 using CRISPR/Cas9. Upon H2O2 treatment, intracellular Ca2+ level and ROS production increased in wild type (WT) cells but not in TRPM4 knockout (TRPM4KO) cells. With this treatment, two indicators of mitochondrial function, mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and intracellular ATP levels, decreased in WT but not in TRPM4KO cells. Taken together, these findings suggest that blockade of the TRPM4 channel might protect the myocardium from oxidative stress by maintaining the mitochondrial membrane potential and intracellular ATP levels, possibly through preventing aberrant increases in intracellular Ca2+ and ROS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-196
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume566
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 20 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CRISPR/Cas9
  • Calcium
  • Mitochondrial function
  • Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • TRPM4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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