Role of the Protease in the Permeability Enhancement by Vibrio vulnificus

Shin Ichi Miyoshi, Sumio Shinoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The protease produced by Vibrio vulnificus enhances vascular permeability through histamine release from mast cells and activation of the plasma kallikrein-kinin system which generates bradykinin when injected into the dorsal skin. V. vulnificus living cells also enhanced vascular permeability within a few hours after the injection into the dorsal skin. The permeability-enhancing activity of living cells was greatly reduced by addition of soybean trypsin inhibitor, a specific inhibitor for plasma kallikrein-kinin system, or anti-protease IgG. Two protease-deficient mutants induced by nitrosoguanidine treatment had only one-tenth permeability-enhancing activity of a wild-type strain. These results indicate that V. vulnificus elaborates the protease in vivo and that the protease elaborated enhances vascular permeability through release of chemical mediators such as histamine and bradykinin and forms edema.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1025-1032
Number of pages8
JournalMICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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