Role of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 in regulation of chondrocyte differentiation

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is known as an endocytic and signal transmission receptor. We formerly reported the gene expression and the localization of LRP1 in cartilage tissue and chondrocytes, but its roles in the differentiation of chondrocytes remained to be investigated. Here, in order to address this issue, we employed RNAi strategy to knockdown lrp1 in chondrocytic cells and obtained findings indicating a critical role therein. As a result of lrp1 knockdown, aggrecan and col2a1 mRNA levels were decreased. However, that of col10a1 or mmp13 mRNA was rather increased. Under this condition, we performed a promoter assay for Axin2, which is known to be induced by activation of the WNT/β-catenin (βcat) signaling pathway. Thereby, we found that Axin2 promoter activity was enhanced in the lrp1 knockdown cells. Furthermore, when the WNT/β-catenin pathway was activated in chondrocytic cells by WNT3a or SB216763, which inhibits the phosphorylation of GSK3β, the mRNA levels of aggrecan and col2a1 were decreased, whereas that of mmp13 was increased. Additionally, the level of phosphorylated protein kinase C (PKC) ζ was also decreased in the lrp1 knockdown cells. When the phosphorylation of PKCδ was selectively inhibited, aggrecan and col2a1 mRNA levels decreased, whereas the mmp13 mRNA level increased. These data demonstrate that LRP1 exerts remarkable effects to retain the mature phenotype of chondrocytes as a critical mediator of cell signaling. Our findings also indicate that the onset of hypertrophy during endochondral ossification appears to be particularly dependent on the WNT and PKC signaling initiated by LRP1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-148
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of cellular physiology
Volume222
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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