Rat peritoneal mast cells are stimulated to generate superoxide anion (O2) by the addition of compound 48/80 and A23187. Recently, we demonstrated by immunohistochemical and Western blot analysis that the mast cells contained the p47phox protein, which was one of cytosolic component of the NADPH oxidase system. In the present study, it was demonstrated that the mast cells contained the p47phox mRNA, much similar to that of mouse leukocyte. The permeabilized mast cells were stimulated to generate O2- by the addition of Ca2+, phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and arachidonic acid. Our data suggest the following:(1) cytosolic PLA2 may be activated by the elevation of [Ca2+]i; (2) the conjugation of membrane component with cytosolic component may be stimulated by the released arachidonic acid. The mast cell granules contained superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like enzyme, which degradated O2-, generated in xanthine-xanthinoxidase system. SOD-like enzyme was released from the granules by the treatment with Ca2+ and trapped by the treatment with heparin. In conclusion, our studies suggest that the disorder of the degradation system of O2- may contribute to the development of allergic inflammation.
|Journal||Nippon yakurigaku zasshi. Folia pharmacologica Japonica|
|Volume||112 Suppl 1|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1998|
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