Selective cytotoxic effects of γ-glutamylcysteine ethyl ester (γ-GCE) against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected H-9 T lymphocytic cells were demonstrated previously. However, the mechanism of those effects remained unclear. Here, we report on enhanced cytotoxicity of the lentiviral lytic peptide I (LLP-I) of gp41, the envelope transmembrane glycoprotein of HIV-1, in the presence of γ-GCE. Without γ-GCE, the cytotoxic effect of LLP-I was transient, whereas with γ-GCE, cell death induced by LLP-I remained continuous until termination. Of note, such effects by γ-GCE were also observed with another unrelated amphipathic peptide toxin, melittin. These results suggest that the synergistic cytotoxic effect of γ-GCE and LLP-I may play a central role in the molecular mechanism of the selective cytotoxicity of γ-GCE in HIV-1-infected T lymphocytic cells.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - May 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery