Role of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) post the ISCHEMIA trial: Precision prevention based on coronary CTA-derived coronary atherosclerosis

Rine Nakanishi, Kazuhiro Osawa, Akira Kurata, Toru Miyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The International Study of Comparative Health Effectiveness With Medical and Invasive Approaches (ISCHEMIA) trial has been recently published and suggested the importance of the selection of patients at high risk for future cardiovascular disease events and the enhancing optimal medical therapy. In the ISCHEMIA trial, coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) was performed in most of the patients to exclude high-risk patients and those without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) who should not be randomized. Coronary CTA has been widely used as a non-invasive diagnostic modality to assess patients with suspected CAD. Currently, the international guidelines allow use of coronary CTA as a class I recommendation for patients with chest pain. Besides, in the numerous multicenter trials, the emerging role of coronary CTA has proven that it could soon become the standard for monitoring CAD and identifying patients at high risk of future cardiovascular events. In this review article, we summarize the current evidence on coronary CTA and the potential role of coronary CTA after the ISCHEMIA trial for patients with CAD. Risk assessment using detailed CAD data obtained non-invasively and prevention of future cardiovascular events through improved medical care will become increasingly essential for the precision treatment and prevention of CAD in patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)572-580
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of cardiology
Volume79
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronary atherosclerosis
  • Coronary computed tomography angiography
  • High-risk plaque
  • Low-attenuation plaque
  • Precision prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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