Risk factors for recurrence and unfavorable prognosis in patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer and a tumor diameter of 20 mm or less

Naruyuki Kobayashi, Shinichi Toyooka, Junichi Soh, Kouichi Ichimura, Hiroyuki Yanai, Hiroshi Suehisa, Shuji Ichihara, Masaomi Yamane, Motoi Aoe, Yoshifumi Sano, Hiroshi Date

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51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for disease recurrence and unfavorable prognosis after surgical resection for stage I non-small cell lung cancer in patients with tumor diameters of ≤20 mm. METHODS: One hundred sixty-three patients who had pathologic stage I non-small cell lung cancer with tumor diameters ≤20 mm and who had undergone a lobectomy with mediastinal lymph node dissection were retrospectively reviewed. The relationships between clinicopathologic factors and clinical outcomes, including recurrence and survival, were then examined. The clinicopathologic factors examined in this study were age, sex, smoking status, preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen level, pathologic tumor size, histologic subtype, histologic grade, and visceral pleural invasion. RESULTS: Among the clinicopathologic factors that were examined, the histologic grade of the carcinoma status was significantly related to a high risk of recurrence when analyzed using univariate (p = 0.01) and multivariate analyses (p = 0.049). Regarding survival, patients with poorly differentiated carcinomas showed a significantly unfavorable overall survival (p < 0.001), disease-specific survival (p = 0.003), and disease-free survival (p = 0.002) compared with patients with well-/moderately differentiated carcinomas according to univariate analyses. A Cox proportional hazards model indicated that a poorly differentiated carcinoma status was the only independent factor for an unfavorable overall survival (p = 0.02), disease-specific survival (p = 0.046), and disease-free survival (p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Poor differentiation of tumor was the only risk factor for recurrence and an unfavorable prognosis for stage I non-small cell lung cancer patients with tumor diameters of ≤20 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-812
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Thoracic Oncology
Volume2
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Histologic grade
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Prognostic factor
  • Stage I
  • Tumor diameter of ≤20 mm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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