Risk factors for medullary infarction after endovascular trapping of vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms

on behalf of the JSNET VADA study group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Internal trapping (IT) is a treatment option for intracranial vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms (VADAs). Medullary infarction (MI) is a complication linked to this treatment. This study aims to clarify the outcomes of IT for VADAs and the risk factors for MIs. We retrospectively reviewed the databases from 2010 to 2017 to identify patients with VADAs treated by IT at seven collaborating institutions. Radiological findings, clinical courses, and outcomes were analyzed. Perforating arteries were classified into terminal or longitudinal types using preoperative angiography. IT was completed in 90 patients (74 ruptured and 16 unruptured VADA). Postoperative rebleeding did not occur in any ruptured VADA patients. Postoperative MRI detected MIs in 26 patients (28.9%). The incidence of MIs in the ruptured VADA (32%) was higher compared with that in the unruptured VADA (13%), though it was not significant. In the MI group, the occlusion or blind alley of the terminal-type and longitudinal-type perforator was confirmed in 23 patients (88%) and 11 patients (42%), respectively. The occlusion or blind alley of the terminal-type perforator was an independent risk factor for MIs in the logistic regression analysis (OR 5.81; 95% CI 1.34–25.11; p = 0.018). In ruptured VADA, postoperative MI (OR 12.2; 95% CI 3.19–64.55; p = 0.0001) and high-grade SAH (OR 8.02; 95% CI 2.32–37.70; p = 0.0006) were independent risk factors of an unfavorable clinical outcome. In conclusion, MIs were an independent risk factor for unfavorable outcomes after IT, especially for a ruptured VADA. The occlusion or blind alley of the terminal-type perforator caused by the IT was associated with postoperative MIs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurosurgical Review
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Dissecting aneurysm
  • Endobascular therapy
  • Internal trapping
  • Medullary infarction
  • Vertebral artery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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