Background: Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is expected to reduce the local recurrence of gastric cancers, we still experience cases of recurrence after an ESD. Objective: To characterize clinical and pathologic features of cases with local recurrence of early gastric cancer after an ESD. Design: A prospective cohort study. Setting and Patients: A total of 306 patients with gastric cancers removed by ESD at Okayama University Hospital and Tsuyama Central Hospital between March 2001 and December 2005 were enrolled. Intervention: ESD. Main Outcome Measurement: Local recurrence. Results: The incidence of a complete en bloc resection was 80.4% when pathologically evaluated. Within a median follow-up period of 26 months (12-64 months), a local recurrence was found in 7 cases, all of which had been declared incomplete resections. One patient underwent a second ESD, and the remaining 6 underwent a surgical resection. All removed lesions were mucosal cancers. No lymph-node metastases were found in patients with a surgical resection. There was a significant correlation between the incidence of an incomplete resection and that of a local recurrence (P < .0001). Among the clinical characteristics, tumor size (>30 mm vs <20 mm; odds ratio [OR] 16 mm [95% CI, 2.0-130 mm]) and tumor location (upper vs middle or lower; OR 7.6 [95% CI, 1.3-45]) were identified as factors that were significantly associated with the incidence of a local recurrence. Limitation: Short follow-up duration. Conclusions: The incidence of a local recurrence was strongly associated with that of an incomplete resection. The frequency of a local recurrence also showed significant correlations with the tumor size and location within the stomach.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging