Risk Analysis for Invasive Fungal Infection after Living Donor Liver Transplantation: Which Patient Needs Potent Prophylaxis?

Masashi Utsumi, Yuzo Umeda, Takahito Yagi, Takeshi Nagasaka, Susumu Shinoura, Ryuichi Yoshida, Daisuke Nobuoka, Takashi Kuise, Tomokazu Fuji, Kosei Takagi, Akinobu Takaki, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

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Abstract

Background: Invasive fungal infection (IFI) is associated with high mortality after living donor liver transplant (LDLT). The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for post-LDLT IFI for early diagnosis and improvement of antifungal treatment outcome. Methods: Risk analysis data were available for all 153 patients who underwent LDLT between January 2005 and April 2012. Results: During the follow-up period (1,553 ± 73 days, range 20–2,946 days), 15 patients (9.8%) developed IFI classified as “proven” (n = 8) and “probable” (n = 7) with fungal pathogens including Candida spp. (n = 10), Aspergillus spp. (n = 4), and Trichosporon (n = 2). Of these patients, 7 patients with IFI died despite treatment. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were lower in patients with IFI than those without IFI (66.7/59.3/44.4 vs. 90.4/85.7/81.8%, respectively; p = 0.0026). Multivariate analysis identified model for end-stage liver disease score of ≥26 (OR 16.0, p = 0.0012) and post-transplant acute kidney injury (RIFLE criteria I- or F-class; OR 4.87, p = 0.047) as independent risk factors for IFI. Conclusion: Preoperative recipients’ status and postoperative kidney dysfunction can affect an occurrence of post-transplant IFI. These risk factors would be taken into consideration for designation of proper antifungal therapy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDigestive Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Apr 12 2018

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Keywords

  • Acute renal injury
  • Fungal infection
  • Living donor liver transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

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