OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of right ventricular volume overload in the presence of a right bundle branch block based solely on the results of an electrocardiogram is difficult. The purpose of this study was to purify acute right ventricular volume unloading from the tangential magnetocardiography. METHODS: We measured the tangential (x-y plane) magnetocardiogram and electrocardiogram simultaneously in nine patients with a secundum atrial septal defect. The magnetocardiograms were obtained before surgical closure and during the immediate postoperative period using the 32-channel superconducting quantum interference device system in a magnetically shielded room. RESULTS: The QRS duration on the surface electrocardiogram decreased significantly (p < 0.05) in the immediate postoperative period. The right ventricular depolarization time as measured by the magnetocardiogram was shortened from 40.3 +/- 6.1 to 25.3 +/- 7.4 milliseconds (p < 0.0005). The maximum peak amplitude during right ventricular depolarization decreased from 17.9 +/- 4.8 to 11.1 +/- 4.9 pT (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that acute volume unloading of the right ventricle was indicated quantitatively by shortening of the right ventricular depolarization time and a reduction in the amplitude of current vectors originating from the right ventricular depolarization on the tangential magnetocardiography.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||The Japanese journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official publication of the Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery = Nihon Kyōbu Geka Gakkai zasshi|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine