Review of early endoscopic findings in patients with local recurrence after definitive chemoradiotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

Yoichi Yamamoto, Tomohiro Kadota, Yusuke Yoda, Keisuke Hori, Ken Hatogai, Takashi Kojima, Satoshi Fujii, Tetsuo Akimoto, Tomonori Yano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Backgrounds: Local recurrence after definitive chemoradiotherapy, if diagnosed early, can be cured by salvage endoscopic therapy, which allows organ preservation and contributes to maintaining patient quality of life. This study aimed to investigate early endoscopic findings of local recurrence in post-definitive chemoradiotherapy patients. Methods: Between January 2008 and June 2012, 17 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients with no metastasis but local recurrence after definitive chemoradiotherapy were enrolled. We attempted to find endoscopic hallmarks suggestive of local recurrence by comparing pre- and post-local recurrence diagnostic images. The influence of follow-up schedule on chosen salvage therapy type was also investigated. Results: Endoscopic local recurrence findings included eight submucosal tumors, five ulcers, and four erosions. Upon review of prior images, findings suggestive of local recurrence were detected in seven patients, including six submucosal tumors and one erosion, all of which were smaller than 10 mm. These lesions had changed morphologically at local recurrence diagnosis: three submucosal tumors had become larger and three submucosal tumors and one erosion had changed to ulcers. Of 12 patients with cT1 at local recurrence, four (33%) underwent follow-up endoscopy within 1 month of local recurrence findings and 11 patients (92%) were treated with salvage endoscopic therapy. Conclusions: Endoscopists should be aware that SMTs or erosions, even those smaller than 10 mm, can indicate local recurrence after complete response to definitive chemoradiotherapy. Follow-up endoscopy should be performed within 1–2 months if findings suggestive of local recurrence are observed on prior endoscopy, even when biopsy results are negative.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-439
Number of pages7
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Endoscopic therapy
  • Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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