Retrospective investigation of the remaining teeth status of patients with implant-supported fixed partial dentures in unilateral free-end edentulism

Seiya Yamazaki, Hikaru Arakawa, Kenji Maekawa, Emilio Satoshi Hara, Kinji Noda, Hajime Minakuchi, Wataru Sonoyama, Yoshizo Matsuka, Takuo Kuboki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to compare the various complication-free rates and survival rates of remaining teeth among implant-supported fixed dentures (IFDs), removable partial dentures (RPDs) and no-restoration (NR) patients with unilateral free-end edentulism. Material and methods: The study subjects were selected among those who received prosthodontic treatment at Okayama University Dental Hospital for their unilateral free-end edentulism (2 or 3 missing teeth). Thirty-three patients were included in the IFD group, 41 matched patients in the RPD group, and 10 patients who received RPDs but refused their use were regarded as NR group. The remaining dentition was classified into five subcategories in relation to the missing portion: adjacent teeth to the missing portion (AD), contralateral posterior dentition in the same jaw (CS) and in the opposite jaw (CO), ipsilateral opposing posterior dentition (IO), and anterior dentition (AN). Complications were defined as tooth extraction, periodontal lesions, periapical lesions or loss of retention of the prosthesis and were assessed by one examiner based on the hospital chart records. Results: The cumulative complication-free rates in the remaining teeth were significantly different among each of the three groups (p< 0.01), with a significantly lower incidence rate in the IFD group. Regarding the cumulative survival rate of the remaining teeth, there was a significant difference only between IFD and NR group (p= 0.01), especially in the CO region (p= 0.04). Conclusions: Stable posterior occlusal support obtained with IFD treatment for unilateral free-end edentulism may reduce the incidence of complications in the remaining teeth, by decreasing the adverse mechanical stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-267
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Prosthodontic Research
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • Complication-free rate
  • Implant-supported fixed dentures
  • Remaining dentition
  • Survival rate
  • Unilateral free-end edentulism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)

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