Retrospective evaluation of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy for BRCA1/2 pathogenic variant carriers among a cohort study in a single institution

Yusuke Kobayashi, Akira Hirasawa, Tatsuyuki Chiyoda, Arisa Ueki, Kenta Masuda, Kumiko Misu, Miho Kawaida, Shigenori Hayashi, Fumio Kataoka, Kouji Banno, Kenjiro Kosaki, Daisuke Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy is performed for the primary prevention of ovarian cancer in patients with hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome. We performed risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy for the first time in Japan in 2008, and we experienced 20 cases of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy through 2019. In the past, the use of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in Japan was restricted because it was not covered by a Japanese National Health Insurance. Since April 2020, risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy has been covered by insurance for patients with breast-ovarian cancer syndrome and pre-existing breast cancer, and this surgery is expected to become more widely implemented in Japan. Methods: To contribute to the widespread use of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in the future, we retrospectively reviewed 20 cases of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy at our hospital cohort study to clarify the issues in its implementation. Results: The variant genes for which risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy was indicated were BRCA1 and BRCA2 in 13 (65%) and 7 patients (35%), respectively. The median age at which risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy was performed was 49 years (range, 38-58), 13 patients (65%) had gone through menopause, and 16 patients (80%) had a history of breast cancer. Of the five patients (25%) with vasomotor symptoms, four received Chinese medicine, and only one received hormone replacement therapy. Occult cancer was detected in the removed ovaries in two patients (10%), although no postoperative peritoneal carcinogenesis has been observed to date. Conclusions: Women who paid for risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy out of pocket were older than the recommended age at which the procedure should be performed, and this may explain the higher rate of occult cancers than previously reported. We need to perform risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy at the recommended age to ensure that the procedure is effective for primary prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-217
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese journal of clinical oncology
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome
  • occult cancer
  • risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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