Retinal Amyloid Imaging for Screening Alzheimer's Disease

Koh Tadokoro, Toru Yamashita, Shuhei Kimura, Emi Nomura, Yasuyuki Ohta, Yosio Omote, Mami Takemoto, Nozomi Hishikawa, Ryuta Morihara, Yuki Morizane, Koji Abe, Kenjiro Ono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cost-effective and noninvasive methods for in vivo imaging of amyloid deposition are needed to screen Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although retinal amyloid is a possible diagnostic marker of AD, there are very few studies on in vivo retinal amyloid imaging. Objective: To examine the usefulness of in vivo imaging of retinal amyloid in AD patients. Methods: To examine amyloid deposition, 30 Japanese subjects (10 normal control (NC), 7 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 13 with AD) underwent a complete ophthalmic examination, including fundus imaging by scanning laser ophthalmoscopy before and after oral curcumin intake. Results: Retinal amyloid deposition was greater in AD than in NC subjects (∗p<0.05) while MCI showed a slight but insignificant increase of retinal amyloid deposition relative to NC subjects. Retinal amyloid deposition was correlated with whole gray matter atrophy (r=0.51, ∗p<0.05) but not with the cognitive score of the Mini-Mental State Examination, nor with medial temporal lobe atrophy. Conclusion: The present noninvasive in vivo detection of retinal amyloid deposition is useful for screening AD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-934
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • amyloid
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • retina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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