Response of sunflower to sulfidic materials and magnesium sulfate as sulfur fertilizer

Md Harunor Rashid Khan, S. M Abu Syeed, Farook Ahmed, A. H M Shamim, Yoko Oki, Tadashi Adachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The potentiality and effectiveness of Sulfidic Materials (SM) and Magnesium Sulfate (MS) as sources of sulfur in relation to the growth of sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) cultivated in two sulfur deficient soils were evaluated under pot experiment. The SM and MS were applied at the rates of 0, 25, 50 and 75 kg S ha-1. The best growth and yield performance of sunflower were attained by the SM75 treatment in both the Sirajgonj (e.g., seed yield: 43.2 g/plant) and Gazipur (31.3) soils, followed by the SM50 (30.3 Sirajgonj, 22.4 Gazipur) > MS75 (25.2 Sirajgonj, 22.3 Gazipur) treatments. The application of SM75 increased (increased over control = IOC) the flower bead diameter and seed yield by 80 and 169% in the Sirajgonj soil and 77 and 182% IOC in the Gazipur soil, respectively. But the equivalent amount of MS75 increased those parameters by 41, 56% and 21, 100% IOC in both the soils, respectively. Almost similar and significant (p≤0.05) effects were observed for the other yield parameters of sunflower grown in both the soils. The application of SM increased the organic matter from 0.66 to 1.26% in the Gazipur soil and from 0.77 to 0.98% IOC in the Sirajgonj soil, regardless of the application rates. The application of SM also enhanced sulfur and organic matter status of the soils and these increments were more pronounced in both the soils till the final harvest at maturity of sunflower, reflecting a good indication for its long term use instead of the chemical fertilizer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)888-895
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Sciences
Volume7
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2007

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Magnesium Sulfate
Helianthus
Fertilizers
Sulfur
Soil
Seeds
Growth

Keywords

  • Effectiveness of sulfidic materials
  • Growth and yield of sunflower
  • Sulfur deficient soils

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Medicine

Cite this

Khan, M. H. R., Syeed, S. M. A., Ahmed, F., Shamim, A. H. M., Oki, Y., & Adachi, T. (2007). Response of sunflower to sulfidic materials and magnesium sulfate as sulfur fertilizer. Journal of Biological Sciences, 7(6), 888-895.

Response of sunflower to sulfidic materials and magnesium sulfate as sulfur fertilizer. / Khan, Md Harunor Rashid; Syeed, S. M Abu; Ahmed, Farook; Shamim, A. H M; Oki, Yoko; Adachi, Tadashi.

In: Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 6, 15.08.2007, p. 888-895.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khan, MHR, Syeed, SMA, Ahmed, F, Shamim, AHM, Oki, Y & Adachi, T 2007, 'Response of sunflower to sulfidic materials and magnesium sulfate as sulfur fertilizer', Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 888-895.
Khan MHR, Syeed SMA, Ahmed F, Shamim AHM, Oki Y, Adachi T. Response of sunflower to sulfidic materials and magnesium sulfate as sulfur fertilizer. Journal of Biological Sciences. 2007 Aug 15;7(6):888-895.
Khan, Md Harunor Rashid ; Syeed, S. M Abu ; Ahmed, Farook ; Shamim, A. H M ; Oki, Yoko ; Adachi, Tadashi. / Response of sunflower to sulfidic materials and magnesium sulfate as sulfur fertilizer. In: Journal of Biological Sciences. 2007 ; Vol. 7, No. 6. pp. 888-895.
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