Response of rice (Oryza sativa) with root surface iron plaque under aluminium stress

Rong Fu Chen, Ren Fang Shen, Pei Gu, Xiao Ying Dong, Chang Wen Du, Jian Feng Ma

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Abstract

• Background and Aims: Rice (Oryza sativa) is an aquatic plant with a characteristic of forming iron plaque on its root surfaces. It is considered to be the most Al-tolerant species among the cereal crops. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of root surface iron plaque on Al translocation, accumulation and the change of physiological responses under Al stress in rice in the presence of iron plaque. • Methods: The japonica variety rice, Koshihikari, was used in this study and was grown hydroponically in a growth chamber. Iron plaque was induced by exposing the rice roots to 30 mg L-1 ferrous iron either as Fe(II)-EDTA in nutrient solution (6 d, Method I) or as FeSO4 in water solution (12 h, Method II). Organic acid in root exudates was retained in the anion-exchange resin and eluted with 2 m HCl, then analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) after proper pre-treatment. Fe and Al in iron plaque were extracted with DCB (dithionite-citrate-bicarbonate) solution. • Key Results and Conclusions: Both methods (I and II) could induce the formation of iron plaque on rice root surfaces. The amounts of DCB-extractable Fe and Al on root surfaces were much higher in the presence of iron plaque than in the absence of iron plaque. Al contents in root tips were significantly decreased with iron plaque; translocation of Al from roots to shoots was significantly reduced with iron plaque. Al-induced secretion of citrate was observed and iron plaque could greatly depress this citrate secretion. These results suggested that iron plaque on rice root surfaces can be a sink to sequester Al onto the root surfaces and Fe ions can pre-saturate Al-binding sites in root tips, which protects the rice root tips from suffering Al stress to a certain extent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-395
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Botany
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Al translocation
  • Aluminium (Al) stress
  • Citrate secretion
  • DCB (dithionite-citrate-bicarbonate)
  • Fe(II)-EDTA
  • Formation of iron plaque
  • Rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Root surface
  • Root tip

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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