Resistance to aerobic deterioration of total mixed ration silage inoculated with and without homofermentative or heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria

Naoki Nishino, Hirotaka Hattori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wet brewers grains were stored as a total mixed ration (TMR) in laboratory silos with lucerne hay, cracked maize, sugar beet pulp, soya bean meal and molasses at 5:1:1:1:1:1 on fresh weight basis. The TMR mixture was inoculated with or without Lactobacillus casei or Lactobacillus buchneri to obtain silages with differing fermentation and stability after exposure to air. In the first experiment, ensiling was stopped at 10, 20 and 60 days, and the stability was tested for the following 7 days. Ethanol and lactic acid were the main products in untreated TMR silage, while addition of L. casei and L. buchneri increased lactic and acetic acid, respectively. No silages deteriorated in the presence of air over 7 days, regardless of inoculation, ensiling period and the level of yeasts determined at unloading. In the second experiment, silos were opened at 14 days and then subjected to aerobic stability test for 14 days. Resistance to deterioration was sustained in the untreated control, even with a high population (>104 cfu g-1) of yeasts throughout the 14-day test. Spoilage was found in L. casei-treated silage at about 5 days, while increase of yeasts preceded the distinct heating (degradation). In L. buchneri-treated silage, no yeasts were detected at unloading or after exposure to air. These results suggest that substantial stability can be expected in TMR silage with or without inoculation of lactic acid bacteria. This property is not associated with the counts of yeasts at loading and the characteristics of silage such as alcoholic and lactic acid fermentation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2420-2426
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume87
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2007

Keywords

  • Aerobic stability
  • Brewers grains
  • Silage
  • Total mixed ration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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