Residents' Concerns Regarding Schools Designated as Evacuation Shelters

Hiromi Kawasaki, Mika Takeuchi, Md Moshiur Rahman, Kotomi Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of residents who are knowledgeable about the schools used as shelters. Methods: The target group was comprised of teachers and guardians of children enrolled in 4 schools, which were selected in the vicinity of District B, which was severely damaged by heavy rain in 2014. A qualitative descriptive study design was used. Results: The number of surveys collected was 1702 (collection rate 62.2%). A total of 1017 clauses were entered, and 85 codes were generated for 7 categories. The guardians and teachers believed that there was a discrepancy between shelter capacity and the real situation; citing a lack of information, and ill preparedness of the schools for disasters as some of the problems. Based on the knowledge and experiences from previous disasters, they responded that there was inadequate management, and evacuees faced difficulty living comfortably in the shelters. Conclusion: In order to use school facilities during any disaster, it is important for residents to recognize the need to solve problems, and to work with local governments to support improvements. This realization reveals a sense of ownership of emergency shelters and prevents confusion among residents. Also, this will help people to prepare for disasters and prevent disruption during evacuation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDisaster medicine and public health preparedness
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • evacuation behavior
  • evacuation shelter
  • natural disaster
  • residents' concerns

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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