Removal of organic chlorine compounds by catalytic dehydrochlorination for the refinement of municipal waste plastic derived oil

N. Lingaiah, Md A. Uddin, A. Muto, T. Imai, Y. Sakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Municipal waste plastic derived oil was prepared by thermal degradation of municipal waste plastics at 410°C. During the degradation of these waste plastics containing polyvinyl chloride, organic chlorine compounds were produced in the oil. The chloroorganic compounds were dehydrochlorinated by using various catalysts such as iron oxide, iron oxide-carbon composite, ZnO, MgO and Redmud. The catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption and X-ray diffraction. The iron oxide catalysts were effective in removing the chloroorganic compounds. MgO and ZnO catalysts were deactivated during the reaction by HCl, which is produced by the dehydrochlorination of chloroorganic compounds. Iron oxide and its carbon composite were found to be stable in the dehydrochlorination of municipal waste plastic derived oil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1901-1905
Number of pages5
JournalFuel
Volume80
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2001

Keywords

  • Dehydrochlorination
  • Iron oxide
  • Municipal waste plastic derived-oil
  • Organic chloro compounds
  • Thermal degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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