Removal of organic chlorine compounds by catalytic dehydrochlorination for the refinement of municipal waste plastic derived oil

N. Lingaiah, Azhar Uddin, A. Muto, T. Imai, Y. Sakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Municipal waste plastic derived oil was prepared by thermal degradation of municipal waste plastics at 410°C. During the degradation of these waste plastics containing polyvinyl chloride, organic chlorine compounds were produced in the oil. The chloroorganic compounds were dehydrochlorinated by using various catalysts such as iron oxide, iron oxide-carbon composite, ZnO, MgO and Redmud. The catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption and X-ray diffraction. The iron oxide catalysts were effective in removing the chloroorganic compounds. MgO and ZnO catalysts were deactivated during the reaction by HCl, which is produced by the dehydrochlorination of chloroorganic compounds. Iron oxide and its carbon composite were found to be stable in the dehydrochlorination of municipal waste plastic derived oil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1901-1905
Number of pages5
JournalFuel
Volume80
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2001

Fingerprint

Chlorinated Hydrocarbons
Iron oxides
Oils
Plastics
Catalysts
Carbon
Composite materials
Polyvinyl Chloride
Polyvinyl chlorides
Pyrolysis
Adsorption
X ray diffraction
Degradation
ferric oxide

Keywords

  • Dehydrochlorination
  • Iron oxide
  • Municipal waste plastic derived-oil
  • Organic chloro compounds
  • Thermal degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Removal of organic chlorine compounds by catalytic dehydrochlorination for the refinement of municipal waste plastic derived oil. / Lingaiah, N.; Uddin, Azhar; Muto, A.; Imai, T.; Sakata, Y.

In: Fuel, Vol. 80, No. 13, 10.2001, p. 1901-1905.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{539a1d14070f4b41b5b6828f560d5765,
title = "Removal of organic chlorine compounds by catalytic dehydrochlorination for the refinement of municipal waste plastic derived oil",
abstract = "Municipal waste plastic derived oil was prepared by thermal degradation of municipal waste plastics at 410°C. During the degradation of these waste plastics containing polyvinyl chloride, organic chlorine compounds were produced in the oil. The chloroorganic compounds were dehydrochlorinated by using various catalysts such as iron oxide, iron oxide-carbon composite, ZnO, MgO and Redmud. The catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption and X-ray diffraction. The iron oxide catalysts were effective in removing the chloroorganic compounds. MgO and ZnO catalysts were deactivated during the reaction by HCl, which is produced by the dehydrochlorination of chloroorganic compounds. Iron oxide and its carbon composite were found to be stable in the dehydrochlorination of municipal waste plastic derived oil.",
keywords = "Dehydrochlorination, Iron oxide, Municipal waste plastic derived-oil, Organic chloro compounds, Thermal degradation",
author = "N. Lingaiah and Azhar Uddin and A. Muto and T. Imai and Y. Sakata",
year = "2001",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/S0016-2361(01)00046-1",
language = "English",
volume = "80",
pages = "1901--1905",
journal = "Fuel",
issn = "0016-2361",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "13",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Removal of organic chlorine compounds by catalytic dehydrochlorination for the refinement of municipal waste plastic derived oil

AU - Lingaiah, N.

AU - Uddin, Azhar

AU - Muto, A.

AU - Imai, T.

AU - Sakata, Y.

PY - 2001/10

Y1 - 2001/10

N2 - Municipal waste plastic derived oil was prepared by thermal degradation of municipal waste plastics at 410°C. During the degradation of these waste plastics containing polyvinyl chloride, organic chlorine compounds were produced in the oil. The chloroorganic compounds were dehydrochlorinated by using various catalysts such as iron oxide, iron oxide-carbon composite, ZnO, MgO and Redmud. The catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption and X-ray diffraction. The iron oxide catalysts were effective in removing the chloroorganic compounds. MgO and ZnO catalysts were deactivated during the reaction by HCl, which is produced by the dehydrochlorination of chloroorganic compounds. Iron oxide and its carbon composite were found to be stable in the dehydrochlorination of municipal waste plastic derived oil.

AB - Municipal waste plastic derived oil was prepared by thermal degradation of municipal waste plastics at 410°C. During the degradation of these waste plastics containing polyvinyl chloride, organic chlorine compounds were produced in the oil. The chloroorganic compounds were dehydrochlorinated by using various catalysts such as iron oxide, iron oxide-carbon composite, ZnO, MgO and Redmud. The catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption and X-ray diffraction. The iron oxide catalysts were effective in removing the chloroorganic compounds. MgO and ZnO catalysts were deactivated during the reaction by HCl, which is produced by the dehydrochlorination of chloroorganic compounds. Iron oxide and its carbon composite were found to be stable in the dehydrochlorination of municipal waste plastic derived oil.

KW - Dehydrochlorination

KW - Iron oxide

KW - Municipal waste plastic derived-oil

KW - Organic chloro compounds

KW - Thermal degradation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035476027&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035476027&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0016-2361(01)00046-1

DO - 10.1016/S0016-2361(01)00046-1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0035476027

VL - 80

SP - 1901

EP - 1905

JO - Fuel

JF - Fuel

SN - 0016-2361

IS - 13

ER -