Removal of nitrogen, bromine, and chlorine from PP/PE/PS/PVC/ABS-Br pyrolysis liquid products using Fe- And Ca-based catalysts

Mihai Brebu, Thallada Bhaskar, Kazuya Murai, Akinori Muto, Yusaku Sakata, Azhar Uddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermal and catalytic degradation of a complex polymer mixture was performed at 450°C at atmospheric pressure in a batch process. The mixture contained polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer with a brominated flame retardant and antimony oxide Synergist (ABS-Br) and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), in a 3/3/ 2/1/1 weight ratio. The effect of iron (FeOOH and Fe-C composite) and calcium (CaCO3 and Ca-C composite) based catalysts for removal of heteroatom- (nitrogen, bromine, and chlorine) containing compounds in oil products was studied. Changes in the amount and distribution of heteroatoms were described using NP gram curves. Iron catalysts give best results for bromine removal from decomposition oil while calcium catalysts have high efficiency for chlorine removal; however, both Fe- and Ca-catalysts have low effect in nitrogen removal. Carbon composite catalysts give three times less chlorine but they produce higher amounts of nitrogen in degradation oils than the corresponding Fe and Ca pure compounds. In bromine removal Ca-C composite shows higher effect compared to CaCO3 while Fe-C composite has slightly worse effect than FeOOH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-230
Number of pages6
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bromine
Polypropylenes
Chlorine
Polystyrenes
Polyethylene
bromine
polypropylene
Polyvinyl Chloride
Polyvinyl chlorides
pyrolysis
chlorine
Polyethylenes
polyethylenes
polystyrene
Pyrolysis
Nitrogen
nitrogen
catalysts
Catalysts
composite materials

Keywords

  • Carbon composites
  • Catalytic decomposition
  • Dchalogenation
  • Fe- And Ca-catalysts
  • Polymer mixtures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Removal of nitrogen, bromine, and chlorine from PP/PE/PS/PVC/ABS-Br pyrolysis liquid products using Fe- And Ca-based catalysts. / Brebu, Mihai; Bhaskar, Thallada; Murai, Kazuya; Muto, Akinori; Sakata, Yusaku; Uddin, Azhar.

In: Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 87, No. 2, 02.2005, p. 225-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brebu, Mihai ; Bhaskar, Thallada ; Murai, Kazuya ; Muto, Akinori ; Sakata, Yusaku ; Uddin, Azhar. / Removal of nitrogen, bromine, and chlorine from PP/PE/PS/PVC/ABS-Br pyrolysis liquid products using Fe- And Ca-based catalysts. In: Polymer Degradation and Stability. 2005 ; Vol. 87, No. 2. pp. 225-230.
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