The expression of decay-accelerating factor (DAF), a cell-membrane- complement regulator, is enhanced in colorectal cancer, and DAF is detected in the stools of patients with colorectal cancer. In this study, to elucidate mechanisms whereby DAF is released into the colonic lumen, we analyzed and compared the properties of DAF in stools and colorectal-cancer tissues. Stool specimens taken before surgery and tissue samples from surgically resected colorectal cancers were obtained from 21 patients. We analyzed DAF in stool and tissue specimens using immunoblotting, ultracentrifugation, and phase separation with Triton X-114. We analyzed the expression profile of DAF mRNA in cancer tissues using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to determine whether DAF transcripts for a secretory form of DAF were present. With the use of immunoblotting, stool DAF was detected as a broad band with a molecular weight of around 70,000 kDa that migrated slightly more slowly than cancer-tissue DAF. About 90% of stool DAF was present as a soluble form that remained in the 100,000g supernatant after ultracentrifugation. On phase separation with Triton X-114, the soluble stool DAF was partitioned mainly into the aqueous phase, indicating its hydrophilic nature and lack of the fatty-acid glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor component. In colorectal cancer tissues, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction experiments revealed a nonspliced DAF messenger RNA that encodes a secretory form of DAF in just 2 of the 21 specimens examined. These data suggest that DAF is released from colorectal cancer cells by way of cleavage of membrane-bound DAF at the site of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine